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South Sudan

S. Sudan accused of supporting Sudanese armed groups, US issues caution

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The United States is accusing South Sudan of providing support for Sudanese armed opposition groups and cautions that they respect UN Security Council Resolution.

The Department of State said in a statement on Friday that reports indicate the South Sudanese government harbors Sudanese armed groups despite its obligations under international law and repeated agreements between the two countries.

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“We urge South Sudan’s leaders to redouble their efforts to meet the commitments they recently reached with Sudan under which both sides agreed to end support for armed opposition groups on either side,” the statement said.

It added that the involvement of Sudanese armed opposition forces in South Sudan’s internal conflicts, destabilizes both countries which goes against the conflict resolution agreement.

ALSO READ   UN Urges International Community To Help Restore Peace In South Sudan

“We call on the Government of the Republic of South Sudan to ensure Sudanese armed opposition groups are not in a position to conduct armed operations within South Sudan or across the border in Sudan,” they advised adding that the armed forces should be withdrawn from the Safe Demilitarized Border Zone.

ALSO READ   South Sudan Tells Rebel Leader To Denounce Violence

Via African News

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Northern Africa

UN Urges International Community To Help Restore Peace In South Sudan

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Antonio gutterres, south sudan

September 23, 2017 (JUBA) – The secretary general of the United Nations has urged the global community to use all tools to compel the warring parties in South Sudan conflict to accept a peaceful settlement of the four-year armed conflict.

Antonio Guterres warned that South Sudan faces the spectre of complete economic collapse, yet the prevailing approach continues to be the pursuit of military victory.

“This will require determination and a commitment to use all the tools at our disposal to compel the parties to choose peace. We must continue to push for a peaceful resolution to the conflict with as much unity and pressure as we can apply. We must also continue to call for protection and humanitarian concerns to be addressed immediately, and for unhindered access to civilian populations,” Guterres said in a speech before the High-Level Meeting on South Sudan on Friday.

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The United Nations, with the African Union (AU) and the Intergovernmental Authority on Development (IGAD), convened this high-level meeting on the margin of the UN Assembly General New York to agree on collective measures to support the revitalization of the political process in South Sudan.

The top UN official pointed out that the shared objective must be to determine what concrete measures the global community can take either collectively or individually to bring the fighting to an end and the parties back to dialogue.

He, also, called for globalized efforts to agree on how best they can support to regional efforts aimed at revitalizing the peace agreement, especially through the High-Level Revitalization Forum, and how can they apply leverage on the parties to heed the will of the international community.

ALSO READ   President Kiir Orders Officials to Return Army Bodyguards

The government-led national dialogue, he noted, remains to be seen whether it evolves into the type of broad and representative undertaking necessary for success.

“The onus is on the government to make this initiative genuine and inclusive, rather than something done simply as a token display of commitment to peace,” he said.

Stressing that “The delegations and individuals in this room have stood with the people of South Sudan over the course of the country’s tragic journey since independence”.

Meanwhile, the South Sudan’s First Vice-President, Taban Deng Gai who attended the meeting expressed commitment of the Transitional Government of National Unity to restore peace and unity to the people.

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He further called on the partners to the peace agreement to allow access to the humanitarian aids.

Also, UN Undersecretary-General for Humanitarian Affairs and Emergency Relief Coordinator, Mark Lowcok said, humanitarian needs in South Sudan to prevent famine continue to remain a challenge.

He appealed for additional flexible and needs-based funding to South Sudan Humanitarian Response Plan and the South Sudan Regional Refugee Response Plan, which is underfunded.

Foreign Affairs Ministers from Uganda, Kenyan and Norway reaffirmed their government’s commitments to Support South Sudan people at the very hectic situation of war and hunger.

UN Member States, regional organizations, UN partners and members of the civil society expressed their concern to bring to an end the chaotic situation in South Sudan.

(ST)

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Northern Africa

South Sudan Tells Rebel Leader To Denounce Violence

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August 2, 2017 (JUBA) – South Sudan’s president, Salva Kiir has vowed not to meet his main political rival and former First Vice-President, Riek Machar unless he denounces violence.

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South Sudanese president Salva Kiir (L) and former vice-president turned rebel leader Riek Machar (AFP)

The South Sudan leader, an aide said, made these remarks during a meeting with his Ugandan counterpart, Yoweri Museveni in Kampala last week.

“People have been coming to me saying I should meet with Riek as the part of confidence building for the national dialogue. I told them I have no personal problem with Riek and he himself can attest that by how I treated him at J1 in July 2016,” said the aide, not authorized to speak to the media, told Sudan Tribune Wednesday.

He added, If there was a personal problem with him [Machar], I would have left him [out]”.

President Kiir, according to his aide, told Museveni that reunification of the ruling Sudan Peoples’ Liberation Movement [SPLM] and reconciliation should proceed without Machar if he [Machar] insists on renegotiation of the 2015 peace deal instead of implementing it.

ALSO READ   South Sudan Tells Rebel Leader To Denounce Violence

“This was the agreement he wanted to be implemented. So why call for renegotiation? He says the agreement has died. Is it because he is not the government? The agreement was not between individuals. It was between the parties and that is why it is still being implemented even when he decided to cause unhealthy working relations so that I am seen as having no interest in its implementation. But what happened after he was replaced?” asked Kiir.

The South Sudanese leader said issued that could have been in two months tool less than a week because there was a spirit for cooperation which came with Taban Deng Gai and his group.

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Gai, a former rebel chief negotiator, replaced Machar as the First Vice-President when the latter fled the capital, Juba in July last year.

“If he [Machar] had demonstrated this cooperation we have today with Taban, the issues which could not resolve would have been resolved and there would not have been war”, explained Kiir.

He said nation would continue because it was meant for the people.
Last month, the South Sudanese leader led a high level delegation of senior members his ruling party and held talks with Rebecca Nyandeng, widow of the SPLM founder, John Garang de Mabior.

A group of the country’s former political detainees later joined the meeting hosted in Kampala to reconcile and unite the SPLM factions.

The meeting came up with a decision to form a working group and a communiqué calling up all SPLM cadres and the grass root, countrywide and in the diaspora, to embrace this new spirit of reconciliation and unity for the interest of people and the country.

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The communiqué called upon the Machar-led factions to join the process of reconciliation and unity of the SPLM. It also called upon other SPLM groups and cadres who are not part of the Arusha agreement to join the reconciliation and reunification process.

The working group was, on the other hand, tasked with developing a matrix for the implementation of the Arusha agreement with specific timeliness and report to Museveni after one week, starting July 31, 2017.

South Sudan’s civil war broke out in December 2013 after President Kiir accused Machar of plotting a coup. Machar denied the accusation.

A peace deal signed in August 2015., however, led to the formation of a coalition government but was again devastated by fresh violence that broke out in July last year.

(ST)

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South Sudan

President Kiir Orders Officials to Return Army Bodyguards

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President Salva Kiir [intelligencebriefs.com]

President Salva Kiir of South Sudan put through an order last Friday. All top government officials must return their bodyguards from the Army. On July 28, the Council of Ministers met to discuss the president’s order which was approved by the end of the day.

 

Currently, only the police force is permitted to guard government officials. Minister Michael Makuei of Information said that the directive requires all constitutional post- holders to use only use the police for security detail.

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Minister Makuei said, “Anybody with bodyguards from the SPLA [Sudan People’s Liberation Army] should surrender them immediately. Instead of using the army for protection, it should be released to perform its duties. All ministers and other officials are directed to act accordingly.”

The minister also stated that SPLA’s main duty is to protect the nation from foreign aggression.

ALSO READ   UN Urges International Community To Help Restore Peace In South Sudan

Via The East African

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Northern Africa

S. Sudan Risks Military Unrest As A Result Of Delayed Payment Of Salaries

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JUBA – There are fears months of delayed salary payments could spark unrest among South Sudanese army (SPLA) soldiers and other security organs in the world’s youngest nation.

In recent months, the government has been making several attempts to solicit financial help from the donor community and other financial institutions in the wake of the economic crisis.

The young nation, its finance minister admitted on Thursday, is currently facing a serious financial meltdown with the country’s economy showing no sign of a positive outlook.

“I would like to announce that we are working on paying one month salaries. It will be paid in three to four days”, said Stephen Dhieu Dau.

The prevailing situation appears to have affected the security forces with some threatening to stage protests in what could represent a threat to an already fragile peace and stability in the country.

ALSO READ   UN Urges International Community To Help Restore Peace In South Sudan

Delays in salary payments, the minister explained, could largely be attributed to the conflict that has affected the country since 2013.

“That’s why we have arrears in the national government, the state governments and our embassies abroad”, further stressed Dau.

A military officer told Sudan Tribune on Friday that the military would no longer accept delays due to the unbearable situations they face within the institution.

He faulted the finance ministry of allegedly failing to fulfill increments.

“What is happening is beyond tolerance. They are not feeling anything because they are eating, traveling in and out of the country. When a minister or a general is sick, they travel out and come at will, but when a soldier is sick, no attention is paid. Salaries are not paid on time,” said the officer, who preferred anonymity.

ALSO READ   South Sudan Tells Rebel Leader To Denounce Violence

“Like now it is going to three months without payment. What kind of government is this?” asked the officer.

He also wondered why the government under President Salva Kiir had failed to fulfill promises made to raise the pay for junior officers.

“They promised a salary increment and now they are backtracking and not only from their promises but even giving us the meagre salaries which we have always been paid. Now they are talking of something else. They think people are fools”, stressed the officer.

ALSO READ   South Sudan - Rebels Capture Oil Workers As Exploration Deal Excalates Violence

South Sudan has suffered political instability and external shocks over the last two and a half years.

Observers, however, say despite being oil-rich, the young nation was likely to record negative gross domestic product growth in 2016 after growing by 30.7% two years ago, largely due its conflict, decline in oil production and global fall in oil prices.

Last year, the International Monetary Fund (IMF) warned of further in South Sudan’s economic situation, unless quick economic reform policies were adopted and political environment eased.

Although potentially rich, South Sudan is ranked one of the poorest in Africa and the world at large, with the worst indicators of health, education and underdevelopment.

(ST)

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Northern Africa

South Sudan – Rebels Capture Oil Workers As Exploration Deal Excalates Violence

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A $500mn oil-exploration deal in South Sudan has sparked a vicious escalation in violence, after a faction of South Sudanese rebels (SPLA-IO) captured four oil workers in the country’s north.

A spokesperson for the SPLA-IO told The New Arab they would not accept any oil drilling in their territory until after fighting had ended – accusing the government of prolonging the civil war with its oil revenues.

“We repeatedly warned the company and international workers in the oilfield to leave immediately before their lives fell into risk,” said William Gatjiath Deng.

Nigeria’s Oranto Petroleum secured the deal, gaining exploration rights to a 25,150 square kilometre area of Upper Nile State referred to as Block B3, on March 6.

“We believe the petroleum resources of Block B3 are vast,” said South Sudan’s Minister of Petroleum Ezekiel Lol Gatkuoth.

The area in question is not fully under the government’s control however – as rebel fighters have been engaged in some of the country’s most bitter fighting there for months.

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In response to Oranto’s announcement, the SPLA-IO ordered “all national and international oil workers to immediately leave and evacuate” the oil fields in South Sudan.

“The brutal and ruthless regime in Juba is using billions of US dollars generated from the oil production and sale for purchasing more lethal arms,” the rebels said in a statement.

[Click to enlarge]

Experts warn that the continued exploitation of South Sudan’s resources is one of the biggest reasons the civil war has lasted so long – leading to one of the worst man-made catastrophes of our time.

“The history of conflict and mass atrocities in Sudan and South Sudan is driven in large part by unchecked greed, manifesting itself primarily in the accumulation of wealth and power by the country’s leaders,” reads a new report by the Enough Project, a human rights NGO.

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A famine was declared in parts of South Sudan on February 20. This was later attributed almost entirely to the government and its continued violence against its own citizens.

The Enough Project’s new report, titled “How the world’s newest country went awry”, documents how the country’s war-lords directly profit from massive government projects – feeding the money straight back into the sale of arms.

“The competing kleptocratic factions are fighting over a lucrative prize: control of the state, which in turn brings control over oil and other natural resource revenues.”

South Sudan derives 97 percent of its budget revenue from sales of oil, according to a UN panel of experts. From late March to late October 2016, oil revenues totalled about $243 million.

ALSO READ   South Sudan Tells Rebel Leader To Denounce Violence

This money is largely used to invest in weapons for the country’s army – accused of rampant war-crimes and potential genocide by a recent UN report.

Yet despite frequent and repeated warnings coming from NGOs and independent inspectors, foreign investors routinely return to invest in Juba.

In February, the king of Morocco promised to pay $5 million for a project to relocate the country’s capital to a new area further north.

A representative for the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission (JMEC), the organisation responsible for monitoring the country’s peace agreement, did not respond to a request for comment.
After gaining independence from Sudan in 2011, South Sudan descended into war in December 2013, leaving tens of thousands dead and 3.5 million people displaced.

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South Sudan

JMEC Chairman Praises Kiir For Launching National Dialogue Initiative

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Juba, December 14, 2016 (SSNA) — The Chairman of the Joint Monitoring and Evaluation Commission Festus Mogae has praises South Sudanese President salva kiir for unveiling a national dialogue initiative.

Mogae says he congratulated Kiir for reaching out to South Sudanese communities, saying the dialogue is needed in South Sudan.

“I am delighted to hear President Kiir reach out to his people with such strong and heartfelt words and launch this much-needed National Dialogue initiative,” Mogae said in a statement obtained by the South Sudan News Agency.

ALSO READ   South Sudan - Rebels Capture Oil Workers As Exploration Deal Excalates Violence

“The President has seized a critical opportunity for national reconciliation, appealed for a spirit of forgiveness and togetherness and set in motion a genuine campaign to address the concerns and grievances of the South Sudanese people.

I applaud his leadership and I give my assurance that JMEC will support the National Dialogue in any way we can,” he added.

ALSO READ   UN Urges International Community To Help Restore Peace In South Sudan

In his addresses the parliament today, Kiir told MPs that national unity is important and calls South Sudanese to forgive him for his mistake.

“In the spirit on national unity, forgiveness, and dialogue, I’m asking you the people of South Sudan to forgive me for any mistakes I might have committed,” he said.

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Kiir’s chief rival, Dr. Machar, proposed a national reconciliation initiative after south Sudan’s independence to bring together groups from all south Sudanese communities and participate in the process.

However, in April 2013, President Kiir issued a presidential decree, suspending the process. Kiir’s allies later claimed Machar was using the initiative to promote himself and for a political propose

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South Sudan

South Sudan: Volunteer teachers open makeshift school in South Sudan

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Some volunteers in South Sudan are making sacrifices for easy access to education, despite the conflict there.A makeshift school comprising several classrooms has been opened for internally displaced pupils at a transit area located at a United Nations Mission in Juba.

The Friendship Primary and Nursery School is an initiative of displaced teachers and the United Nations Children Fund – UNICEF

ALSO READ   UN Urges International Community To Help Restore Peace In South Sudan

 

 

40 volunteer teachers  have taken up a herculean task of teaching these displaced pupils, fleeing conflict and currently sheltering at a transit location now home to thousands of displaced.

The students have been learning under trees and or in the open air for the past week.

Teaching aides like blackboards have been donated to the school and there is a plea for proper shelter which could keep away the sun and the rain.

ALSO READ   JMEC Chairman Praises Kiir For Launching National Dialogue Initiative

 

  

The 344 girls and the 631 boys who are currently attending the school may not all have a chance to express their appreciation, but Juliet, an older student spoke her heart.

The classes at Friendship School range from nursery level to Primary eight.

 

 

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South Sudan

Sudan: South Sudan has acquired surface-to-air missiles

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South Sudan has deployed S-125 (SA-3) surface-to-air missiles (SAMs), which it appears to have acquired from its neighbour Uganda, and QW-2 Vanguard SAMs from China.

This is according to IHS Jane’s Defence Weekly, which analysed satellite data to reveal that South Sudan has had the S-125 missiles since at least 2013.

Digital Globe satellite imagery shows 16 5P71 two-rail missile launchers for the S-125 system and support vehicles parked at a military camp 20 km southwest of the capital Juba on 9 June 2015, IHS Jane’s said, adding that this suggests South Sudan has four S-125 batteries each with four launchers, supported by an unidentified surveillance radar. The camp was built between March and November 2013.

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There is no record of South Sudan receiving SAMs, but the Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI) notes that Uganda acquired four S-125s along with 300 V-600 missiles from Ukraine between 2010 and 2012. IHS notes that no SA-3s have been seen in Uganda, indicating they were transferred to South Sudan.

South Sudanese troops last year paraded a new SAM launcher that appears to be a QW-2, according to Armament Research Services. The shoulder-fired weapon is an all-aspect man-portable guided missile. Range is estimated at 5 to 6 kilometres.

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Earlier this month the Sudan Tribune reported that the Sudan People’s Liberation Army (SPLA) had admitted to having recently acquired surface-to-air missiles through Kenya and Uganda.

A high ranking military officer told the publication that, “Our military defence system will never remain the same. There is a great improvements in terms of weapons and training and we hope that the year 2016 will be a year in which the general command and the government will pay a significant attention to our strategic and master plan to modernize and professionalize the army in order to be a conventional army capable of defending the country, lives of our people and their resources.”

ALSO READ   Sudan: South Sudan has acquired surface-to-air missiles

Apparently South Sudan paid China for the weapons with crude oil.

According to SIPRI, South Sudan has since independence received 25 Typhoon armoured personnel carriers (APCs) from Canada in 2012/13, 20 Cougar APCs in 2014, 1 200 Red Arrow-73 anti-tank missiles and launchers from China in 2014, nine Mi-8MT/Mi-17 helicopters from Russia in 2011 and 10 Reva-3 APCs from South Africa in 2012.

 

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