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Nigeria: God created other countries but Lugard created Nigeria

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LordLugard.jpg

 

Frederick Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

The Right Honourable
The Lord Lugard
GCMG CB DSO PC
LordLugard.jpg
 
Governor-General of Nigeria
In office
1 January 1914 – 8 August 1919
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded bySir Hugh Clifford (as Governor)
Governor of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate
In office
September 1912 – 1 January 1914
Preceded bySir Charles Lindsay
Succeeded byOffice abolished
Governor of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate
In office
September 1912 – 1 January 1914
Preceded bySir Walter Egerton
Succeeded byOffice abolished
14th Governor of Hong Kong
In office
29 July 1907 – 16 March 1912
Preceded bySir Matthew Nathan
Succeeded bySir Francis Henry May
High Commissioner of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate
In office
6 January 1900 – September 1906
Preceded byOffice created
Succeeded bySir William Wallace (acting)
Personal details
Born22 January 1858
Madras, British India
Died11 April 1945 (aged 87)
Dorking, Surrey, England, UK
Spouse(s)Flora Shaw
Alma materRoyal Military College, Sandhurst
ProfessionSoldier, explorer, colonial administrator

Frederick John Dealtry Lugard, 1st Baron Lugard, GCMG, CB, DSO, PC (22 January 1858 – 11 April 1945), known as Sir Frederick Lugard between 1901 and 1928, was a British soldier, mercenary, explorer of Africa and colonial administrator, who was Governor of Hong Kong (1907–1912), the last Governor of the Southern Nigeria Protectorate (1912–1914), the first High Commissioner (1900–1906) and last Governor (1912–1914) of the Northern Nigeria Protectorate and the first Governor-General of Nigeria (1914–1919).

Contents

Early life and education

Lugard was born in Madras (now Chennai) in India, but was raised in Worcester, England. He was the son of the Reverend Frederick Grueber Lugard, a British Army Chaplain at Madras, and his third wife Mary Howard (1819–1865), the youngest daughter of Reverend John Garton Howard (1786–1862), a younger son of Yorkshire landed gentry from Thorne and Melbourne near. Lugard was educated at Rossall School and the Royal Military College Sandhurst.

The name ‘Dealtry’ came from Thomas Dealtry, who was a friend of his father.

Military career

Lugard was commissioned into the 9th Foot (East Norfolk Regiment) in 1878, joining the second battalion in India, and serving in the following campaigns:

Lugard was appointed to the Distinguished Service Order in 1887.[1] In May 1888, Lugard took command of an expedition organised by the British settlers in Nyasaland against Arab slave traders on Lake Nyasa and was severely wounded.

Post-military career

 

Lugard caricatured by Spy for Vanity Fair, 1895

After he left Nyasaland in April 1889, Lugard joined the British East Africa Company. In their service, he explored the Sabaki river and the neighbouring region, in addition to elaborating a scheme for the emancipation of the slaves held by Arabs in the Zanzibar mainland. In 1890, Lugard was sent by the company to Uganda, where he secured British predominance in the area and put an end to the civil disturbances between factions in the kingdom of Buganda. He became Military Administrator of Uganda from 26 December 1890 to May 1892. While administering Uganda, he journeyed round the Rwenzori Mountains to Lake Edward, mapping a large area of the country. He also visited Lake Albert, and brought away some thousands of Sudanese who had been left there by Emin Pasha and H. M. Stanley during the Emin Pasha Relief Expedition.

When Lugard returned to England in 1892, he successfully dissuaded Prime Minister William Ewart Gladstone and his cabinet from abandoning Uganda. In 1894, Lugard was despatched by the Royal Niger Company to Borgu, where he secured treaties with the kings and chiefs acknowledging the sovereignty of the British company, while distancing the other colonial powers that were there. From 1896 to 1897, Lugard took charge of an expedition to Lake Ngami, in modern-day Botswana, on behalf of the British West Charterland Company. From Ngami he was recalled by the British government and sent to West Africa, where he was commissioned to raise a native force to protect British interests in the hinterland of the Lagos Colony and Nigeria against French aggression. In August 1897, Lugard organised the West African Frontier Force, and commanded it until the end of December 1899, when the disputes with France were settled.

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Early colonial services

After he relinquished command of the West African Frontier Force, Lugard was made High Commissioner of the newly created Protectorate of Northern Nigeria. He was present at Lokoja and himself read the proclamation that established the protectorate on 1 January 1900.[2] At that time, the portion of Northern Nigeria under effective control was small, and Lugard’s task in organising this vast territory was made more difficult by the refusal of the sultan of Sokoto and many other Fula princes to fulfil their treaty obligations.

In 1903, British control over the whole protectorate was made possible by a successful campaign against the emir of Kano and the sultan of Sokoto. By the time Lugard resigned as commissioner in 1906, the entire Nigeria was being peacefully administered under the supervision of British residents. There were however uprisings that were brutally put down by Lugard’s troops. A Mahdi rebellion in 1906 at the Satiru, a village near Sokoto resulted in the total destruction of the town with huge numbers of casualties.

Lugard was knighted for his services while in Nigeria, in 1901.[3]

Governor of Hong Kong

About a year after he resigned as High Commissioner of the Protectorate of Northern Nigeria, Lugard was appointed as Governor of Hong Kong,[4] a position he held until March 1912. During his tenure, Lugard proposed to return Weihaiwei to the Chinese government, in return for the ceding of the rented New Territories in perpetuity. However, the proposal received less than warm receptions, and it was not acted upon. Some believed that if the proposal was acted on, Hong Kong might forever remain in British hands.

Lugard’s chief interest was education, and he was largely remembered for his efforts to the founding of the University of Hong Kong in 1911, of which he became the First Chancellor, despite the cold receptions from the imperial Colonial Office and most local British companies, such as the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking Corporation. The Colonial Office called the idea of a university “Sir Frederick’s pet lamb”.[5] In fact, Lugard’s idea was to create a citadel of higher education which could serve as the foremost bearer of Western culture in the Orient.

Governor of Nigeria

In 1912, Lugard returned to Nigeria as Governor of the two protectorates. His main mission was to complete the amalgamation into one colony. Although controversial in Lagos, where it was opposed by a large section of the political class and the media, the amalgamation did not arouse passion in the rest of the country. From 1914 to 1919, Lugard was made Governor General of the now combined Colony of Nigeria. Throughout his tenure, Lugard sought strenuously to secure the amelioration of the condition of the native people, among other means by the exclusion, wherever possible, of alcoholic liquors, and by the suppression of slave raiding and slavery.

Lugard, ably assisted by his wife Flora Shaw, concocted a legend which warped understanding of him, Nigeria, and colonialism for decades. The revenue that allowed state development (harbours, railways, hospitals) in Southern Nigeria came largely from taxes on imported alcohol. In Northern Nigeria that tax was absent and development projects far fewer. The Adubi War occurred during his governorship. In Northern Nigeria Lugard permitted slavery within traditional elite families. He loathed the educated and sophisticated Africans of the coastal regions, ran the country with 50% of each year spent in England (where he could promote himself and was distant from realities in Africa where subordinates had to delay decisions on many matters until he returned), and based his rule on a military system – unlike William MacGregor, a doctor turned governor, who mixed with all ranks of people and listened to what was wanted.[6] Lugard, who opposed “native education” later became involved in Hong Kong University, and that Lugard who disliked traders and businessmen, became a director of a bank active in Nigeria are strange aspects of the man and the myth.

The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa

Lugard’s The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa was published in 1922. It discusses indirect rule in colonial Africa. In this work, Lugard outlined the reasons and methods that he recommended for the colonisation of Africa by Britain. Some of his justifications included spreading Christianity and ending ‘barbarism’ (such as human sacrifice). He also saw state-sponsored colonisation as a way to protect missionaries, local chiefs, and local people from each other as well as from foreign powers. Also, for Lugard, it was vital that Britain gain control of unclaimed areas before Germany, Portugal, or France claimed the land and its resources for themselves. He realised that there were vast profits to be made through the exporting of resources like rubber and through taxation of native populations, as well as importers and exporters (the British taxpayers actually always made a loss from the colonies in this period). In addition, these resources and inexpensive native labour (slavery having been outlawed by Britain in 1834) would provide vital fuel for the industrial revolution in resource-depleted Britain as well as monies for public works projects. Finally, Lugard reasoned that colonisation had become a fad and that in order to remain a super power, Britain would need to hold colonies in order to avoid appearing weak.

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League of Nations and Anti-Slavery activism

From 1922 to 1936 he was British representative on the League of NationsPermanent Mandates Commission. During this period he served first on the Temporary Slavery Commission and was involved in organising the 1926 Slavery Convention. He had submitted a proposal for the Convention to the British government. Although they were alarmed by it, after subjecting it to considerable redrafting the British government backed the proposal which was eventually put into effect.[7] Lugard served on the International Labour Organisation‘s Committee of Experts on Native Labour from 1925 to 1941.[8]

Views

Lugard pushed for native rule in African colonies. He reasoned that black Africans were very different from white Europeans. He did speculate about the admixture of Aryan or Hamitic blood arising from the advent of Islam among the Hausa and Fulani.[9] He considered that natives should act as a sort of middle manager in colonial governance. This would avoid revolt because, as Lugard believed, the people of Africa would be more likely to follow someone who looked like them, spoke their languages, and shared their customs.

Olufemi Taiwo argues that in fact Lugard blocked qualified Africans educated in Britain from playing an active role in the development of the country (actually Lugard distrusted white “intellectuals” as much as black ones – believing that the principles they were taught in the universities were often wrong), preferring to advance prominent Hausa and Fulani leaders from traditional structures.[10]

Honours

Lugard was appointed a Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) in 1895.[11] He was knighted as a Knight Commander of the Order of St Michael and St George (KCMG) in the 1901 New Year Honours,[3] and raised to a Knight Grand Cross (GCMG) in 1911. He was appointed to the Privy Council, entitling him to style himself “The Right Honourable”, in the 1920 New Year Honours.[12] In 1928 he was further honoured when he was elevated to the peerage as Baron Lugard, of Abinger in the County of Surrey.[13]

The Royal Geographical Society awarded him the Founder′s Gold medal in 1902, for persistent attention to African Geography.[14]

A bronze bust of Lugard created in 1960 by Pilkington Jackson is held in the National Portrait Gallery, London.

Personal life

 

Lugard and his wife.

Lord Lugard married, on 10 June 1902, Flora Shaw,[15] daughter of Major-General George Shaw, and granddaughter of Sir Frederick Shaw, 3rd Baronet. She was a journalist and writer for The Times, who coined the place-name Nigeria. There were no children from the marriage. Flora died in January 1929. Lord Lugard survived her by sixteen years and died on 11 April 1945, aged 87. He was cremated at Woking Crematorium. As he was childless the barony died with him.

Published works

  • In 1893, Lugard published The Rise of our East African Empire, which was partially an autobiography. Also, Lugard was the author of various valuable reports on Northern Nigeria issued by the Colonial Office.
  • The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa, 1926.
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Quotations

“the typical African … is a happy, thriftless, excitable person, lacking in self control, discipline and foresight, naturally courageous, and naturally courteous and polite, full of personal vanity, with little sense of veracity …in brief , the virtues and defects of this race-type are those of attractive children.”[16]

Places named after him

  • Lugard Road, The Peak, Hong Kong Island, Hong Kong
  • Lugard Tower (the Faculty of Education Building in University of Hong Kong)
  • Lugard Hall (a dormitory complex in the University of Hong Kong)
  • Lugard Avenue, Ikoyi Lagos, Nigeria
  • Lugard Hall, Kaduna, Nigeria. Currently used by Kaduna State House of Assembly
  • Lugard Avenue, Entebbe, Uganda
  • Lugard House, Rossall School, Fleetwood
  • Lugard Road, Jos, Nigeria
  • Many school dormitories, guest houses etc. in East Africa and West Africa are named Lugard House
  • The fictional Lord Lugard’s College, a preparatory school in Chinua Achebe‘s Anthills of the Savannah, where three of the central characters were educated
  • Lugard House (a dormitory on the eastern compound of Achimota School in Achimota, Ghana)
  • Lugard House (The official residence of the governor of Kogi State, Nigeria in Lokoja the state capital)
  • Lugard Falls, Tsavo East National Park, Kenya

See also

References

  1.  

Further reading

  • Lord Lugard, Frederick D. (1965). The Dual Mandate in British Tropical Africa. Fifth Edition. London: Frank Cass & Co. Ltd.
  • Pederson, Susan (2015). The Guardians: the League of Nations and the Crisis of Empire. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Perham, Margery (1956). Lugard. Volume 1: The Years of Adventure 1858-1898. London: Collins.
  • Perham, Margery (1960). Lugard. Volume 2: The Years of Authority 1898-1945. London: Collins.
  • Perham, Margery (ed.) (1959). The Diaries of Lord Lugard (3 Vols.). London: Faber & Faber.
  • Middleton, Dorothy (1959). Lugard in Africa. London: Robert Hale, Ltd.
  • Miller, Charles (1971). The Lunatic Express, An Entertainment in Imperialism.
  • Meyer and Brysac (2008). Kingmakers: the Invention of the Modern Middle East. New York, London: W.W. Norton.
  • ‘Reading the Colonizer’s Mind: Lord Lugard and the Philosophical Foundations of British Colonialism’ by Olufemi Taiwo in Racism and Philosophy edited by Susan E. Babbitt and Sue Campbell, Cornell University Press, 1999

External links

Government offices
Preceded by
Sir Matthew Nathan
Governor of Hong Kong
1907–1912
Succeeded by
Sir Francis May
Preceded by
none
Governor-General of Nigeria
1914–1919
Succeeded by
Hugh Clifford
Governor of Nigeria
Peerage of the United Kingdom
New creationBaron Lugard
1928–1945
Extinct

 

Source wikipedia free encyclopedia

 

culture

African-American Playwright Highlights Mental Health Through Theatre

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“I am Hope” is autobiographical play about a woman’s journey to healing. It’s a 40 minute One Woman Show in which the actress plays 19 characters in a story about mental health and the issues surrounding treatment and healing. It debuted in Canada’ Toronto Fringe Festival this week.

Mia Rye Smith, from Queens, New York, is a playwright, actress and a graduate of the William Esper Studio. Mia explained the purpose of her show with this statement. “As an African American Woman it’s important for me to use my voice and story about my experiences with mental health. ‘I Am Hope’ is about finding hope and humor living with an anxiety disorder.”

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Mia shares how her work impacts her audience and the reception she receives affects her too. “After each show, I will always have a few people speak with me about their struggles with mental health,” she said. “Some people are emotional because they are experiencing similar symptoms or they know a loved one who is.

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This work allows me to connect with strangers on a personal level. The response has been an overwhelming feeling of joy because this work takes a great deal of courage; I had no idea that my story would impact the lives of other people. The show is filled with hope, humor and healing.””

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“I Am Hope’ is currently running in Toronto, Canada.

Via AfroToronto

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Eastern Africa

Ethiopian-American Rapper Adam Daniel (aka Aminé) Finds Bold News Sound in His Family Heritage

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Adam Aminé Daniel found the answer in his family heritage. On Calling Brio, Daniel reaches back to his Ethiopian roots, filtering hip-hop, R&B and electronic music through Afrofuturist production.

By Matthew Singer and Matthew Schonfeld (Willamette Week) |

Somewhere on the Internet—he’s hesitant to say exactly where—lies the roots of Adam Daniel’s rap career.

“The way we started was, as a joke, we’d make dis songs to Grant High School and Lincoln High School,” says the Benson alum. At the time, Adam Daniel wasn’t an eager rhyme-spitter; his friends had to goad him into getting on the mic. But those off-the-cuff goofs unlocked an artistic desire he never knew he had. “After high school, I kind of missed that,” he says. “So I started taking it more seriously.”

Ethiopian-American rapper Adam Aminé Daniel (PHOTO: These Days News)

Ethiopian-American rapper Adam Aminé Daniel (PHOTO: These Days News)

That wasn’t too long ago. But things are moving fast for the 21-year-old, who performs under his middle name, Aminé. He’s put out two mixtapes, and already disavowed one of them. He’s built a strong online following, scored blog hype and label interest and a crucial co-sign from one of the top young producers in the game.

It’s an impressive start for someone who, until a few years ago, had different aspirations entirely. “I wanted to be Kobe Bryant,” Daniel says. When that didn’t work out—he got cut from his freshman and sophomore basketball teams—he settled on track and field. But music surrounded him growing up. His parents, both Ethiopian immigrants, listened to everything from reggae to indigenous African music to John Mayer. His older cousin introduced him to R&B, while he discovered hip-hop on his own: The first CD he ever bought was Kanye West’s The College Dropout, “just because it had a teddy bear on the cover.”

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Having absorbed so much in his childhood, Daniel initially struggled to make his influences cohere. His first release, Odyssey to Me, indulged in a crooning rap style á la Drake, with mismatched production. “I wasn’t happy with it because there wasn’t a structured sound to it,” he says. He eventually took the album offline and regrouped. “I looked into my inner self, and asked my friends, ‘What do you want to hear from me? What makes me me? Who am I?’”

Aminé: Picking family heritage

Adam Aminé Daniel found the answer in his family heritage. On Calling Brio, Daniel reaches back to his Ethiopian roots, filtering hip-hop, R&B and electronic music through Afrofuturist production. “Brightwood” turns the “Ms. Jackson” chorus into a tribalist chant, while “Zzzz” flips “In the Jungle” over digitized percussion and his distinctive patois. Three tracks were produced by buzzing Canadian beatsmith Kaytranada, who reached out to Daniel after hearing him rap over one of his instrumentals.

It’s a sound vividly reflective of who Daniel is, where he comes from and, musically, where he’s going. But Daniel says he isn’t just telling his story. It can be yours, too.

“I want to leave you interested,” he says. “I want to leave you in a place where you can make that story for yourself, where it can relate to you, rather than just being my story.”

Aminé’s biggest move came when he dropped the wavy love rap single “Caroline” last year and, as of this month, this single has sold nearly 656,000 copies and racked up more than 345 million plays across YouTube, Soundcloud and Spotify. In August, Aminé signed a deal with Universal subsidiary Republic Records, making him labelmates with the likes of Drake, Nicki Minaj and The Weeknd. A few days after the U.S. Nov. 8 election, he performed “Caroline” on The Tonight Show and appended a verse in which he took shots at Donald Trump, prompting The New Yorker to praise it as “bold.” In December, he returned home to Portland for a sold-out show at the Roseland Theater, where he shouted out Benson High School in between guest appearances from Leon Bridges and Kehlani.

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Source: Willamette Week

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Entertainment

Five Music Artist With S.A Entertainers To Feature In BOLESWA Opening Bash to kick start the Intervarsity Games

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FIVE local artistes are set to strut their stuff before Swazi audiences alongside prominent South African and Swazi acts at Saturday’s BOLESWA Opening Bash to kick start the Intervarsity Games.

BOLESWA is the acronym for the universities of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland and these stage annual sporting games on a rotational basis aimed at fostering solidarity and friendship among students.

Lesotho hosted last year’s edition at Thaba Bosiu and the event was organised for the first time by the Rock The City SA entertainment company.

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And on Saturday, Lesotho’s DJ Vesta, Monyase, Mega Hertz, 3rd Code and Mavele will share the stage with South Africa’s DJ Tira, NaakMusiq, DJ SK and SdudlaNoma1000 as well as Swaziland’s Switch, DJ Mfundo, Lyrical Busta, The Scientist, DJ Njaba, Eskay, Rizna and DJ Thoko.

The South Africa based owner of Rock The City Entertainment, Lehlohonolo “Hlony” Nthontho has previously told the Weekender that the aim was to uplift the local entertainment scene by exposing them to regional audiences.

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This week, one of the local acts, Mavele spoke of his joy and gratitude to Rock The City.

“I never thought being an MC would take me this far and I have been booked for several epic events in the country, South Africa as well as Botswana,” Mavele said, adding, “I would like to thank the Almighty for the talent He blessed me with”.

“I have been hosting all Rock The City events at home and in South Africa since last year and in addition to the Swaziland event, I will tour Botswana with their artiste, SdudlaNoma1000 in April.

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“At the moment we only have a verbal contract but I believe after the Botswana tour I will be signed under Rock The City Entertainment and I am so grateful for the opportunities they presented me.

“I look forward to representing my country in Swaziland alongside my compatriots,” he said.
Mohalenyane Phakela

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Angola

Eva Rap Diva Sells And Signs Her New Album “Eva” Under The Proud Look Of Her Mother

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The Angolan rapper, Eva Rap Diva, was in the Independence Square today to perform the sale and autograph session of her most recent album entitled “EVA” under the proud look of her mother Ana Paula.

The singer dedicated the album “EVA” to her mother, maternal grandmother, a remarkable figure in her education and life, from whom she inherited the name, and is also inspired and dedicated to all Angolan women and the world. The same is composed of songs about relationships, sacrifice, joy, pain, loss, celebration, affection, betrayal, God and his great love for Hip Hop.

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In an exclusive interview with AngoRussia, the rapper said that although the process of preparing the album was not easy, everything had a happy ending, like the title of her song that has Landrick participation.

“It was an intense process, it was many days of hard work, we had financial difficulties, but as inspiration and talent was not lacking in me and the team that works with me, everything has had its happy end. The audience will identify with this album because it is composed of songs with some kind of awareness and relevant content, “said Eva.

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In addition to the fans, family and friends of the singer, several artists such as: Black Show, Extreme Sign, Raptile, Francis-MC Cabinda, Zoca Zoca, Mauro Pastrana, Mr Smallz , Gaia Beat, Paz Cast, Extreme Sign, Detergent, Selda among other colleagues of the singer.

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Eastern Africa

Top Tanzanian Music Artist, Vanessa Mdee Arrested For Allegedly Belonging To A Drug Cartel

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Top Tanzanian Music Artist, Vanessa Mdee Arrested For Allegedly Belonging To A Drug Cartel
Tanzanian singer, Vanessa Mdee has been reportedly arrested by the police following investigations implicating the singer as being a member of a drug cartel. The songstress’s lawyer confirmed that she was arrested yesterday, the 7th of March and is currently being questioned. Her bail is however in progress.

This would not be the first time government officials would invite Tanzanian artistes for questioning since the war against drug trafficking started some months ago. Other artistes who have been invited include; Diamond Platnumz, Wema Sepatu among others.

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Botswana

Botswanan Artist Who Went Underground after Boasting Of Filling The National Stadium In a One Man Show Resurfaces

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The unknown Nicole Martinez had the whole city of Gaborone filled up with her posters that read that she would be filling up the stadium, just like Cassper Nyovest did and Kast wants to do.

“It’s definite I will be filling up the stadium this year and I know it will get packed. I had to postpone my gig because I had to wait for Tlatsa Lebala to pass coz of the respect I have for Kast. As a sign of respect I had to wait for him that’s why I cancelled my event last year when Tlatsa Lebala was cancelled,” the 21-year-old Martinez said.

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Quizzed if she is being too ambitious for wanting to fill up a venue of 20,000 capacity despite being unpopular, she noted that her musical content will impress masses and lead them to attending the event.

“I have different marketing strategies that I will use to market the event. One of them is to release 100 hit songs that will dominate on the charts on all radio stations and also have a regional tour where I will perform in South Africa, Zambia, Namibia and locally. I know that

a number of people are laughing at me making fun of me, but that is actually making me strong and more focused.”

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Ever since it came out that she wants to fill up the stadium a number of people including artists have been making fun of her, especially in the social media platforms. The date for her event is yet to be announced since she is waiting for Tlatsa Lebala to take place.

Tlatsa Lebala’s date also has not yet been announced.

Martinez noted that the other reason she wants to fill up the stadium is because she wants to inspire children from high density locations such as Bontleng where she grew up to dream big.

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According to Martinez’s manager, Dylan Taylor the songstress’ talent is beyond par.

“Nicole is on the same level as the likes of Beyonce, Rihanna and Iggy Azalea. If radio stations give her more airplay people will see how talented she is. If she is to compete with Cassper Nyovest she would outshine him,” the manager said.

Apart from making music Martinez is also a stage performing artist, who is part of Socca Moruakgomo’s theatrical musical play, Moratiwa.
Via Mmegi Online

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Eastern Africa

Miss Rwanda 2017 Pre-Selection, Amiable DJ Ira Dazzles Audience

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Being a DJ (Disk Jockey) is a profession mostly dominated by men. It is rare to come across ladies who are DJs, expecially in Africa where gender equality is still being debated.

Beautiful DJ Ira, who can as well win the Miss Rwanda Beauty Pageant title, if she had contested, stole the show at the popular Petit Stade on satuday. The audience were blown away by her well articulated music mix.

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At the end of Saturday’s pre-selection, 15 finalist emerged. These 15 finalist will head to boot-camp on the 12th of February, while the grand-finale is on the 25th of February 2017

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Eastern Africa

Miss Rwanda 2017 Pre-Selection, 15 Beauty Queen Emerges Later Today, Who Is Your Choice Among These Beautiful Contestants?

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Come February 4, pre-selections for Miss Rwanda will be held to pick 15 finalists who will head to boot camp in preparation for the grand finale.

The boot camp will take place at Golden Tulip Hotel in Nyamata. Barbara Burabyo talked to the contestants about their aspirations in life and of course, how they plan to win this pageant.

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5 girls were picked to represent Eastern Province in the ongoing Miss Rwanda search, 4 to represent the South and 6 to represent the north.

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Entertainment

Top Nigerian Rapper Olamide Of YNBL Becomes Glo Ambassador

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Olamide’s fans celebrating as Nigeria Telecom Giant Globacom unnveils him as their latest brand ambassador. He is the latest addition to their ambassadorial family. This is particularly exciting because the renowned rapper ended his contract with Etisalat a few months ago and in addition, Glo sacked over 60 percent of their celebrity ambassadors.

Olamide shared the news on social media with the caption “Oluwa Loni Glory … missofunyi entertainment ???? #TheGlory#iRepGlo #Glo #PepperDemGang still”. 

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Entertainment

Tanzanian Ex Beauty Queen Wema Sepetu Launches Mobile App

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Tanzanian ex beauty queen, actress and entrepreneur, Wema Sepetu has finally unveiled the suspense package she has been keeping from fans since she returned to Instagram; she now has  a Wema Sepetu app.This makes her the first East African celebrity to have an app.

And There You have it Ladies & Gentlemen…..My very own Application just so u could have me closer than you think…. Download now on Playstore and dont forget to subscribe…. Everything Wema…. Oh Yes na kile kipindi chenu mkipendacho mtakikuta huko huko….. But now u can download it quick and get to hear what I have to say about hizi habari za leo… That is my Breaking News kwa app TODAY!! Yall dont think ningekaa kimya tu ryt…???????? Well I got something to say… Na kuiskia, Ingia Playstore na Udownload WemaSepetu, Subscribe alafu pata kuskia na kujionea meeeengiii… Ukimya Mwingi Rahaaa..????????????.. Endiwooo Mtumia unga mimi atleast najua kutumia na fursa…???????????? (Kidding) So that special thing y’all have been waiting for is Finally here…. Enjoy it…. #WSSoCloseToYou #WSyourAddiction …. NB… This is Only for Android Users for the Time Being, wale wapenda Iphone kama mimi Its Coming Soon….. Dont forget one Thing, Nawapenda Sana…!????…. Na hii sio Tanzania tu jamani…. Ni Worldwide aslong as una Playstore…. Yaani inshort na sisi tuna application Yetu kama vile Instagram na Games or whatever…. Oh Lord…!????????????????????????…. Im Thankful, Grateful…. I feel blessed wallahy…!!!????????

A photo posted by Happy Belated Esma Khan???? (@wemasepetu) on


Putting all the controversy of 2016 behind her, she took a well deserved break off the noise and hate of social media to re-strategize and repackage the Wema Sepetu brand.

Could this be an attempt to control what is written or said about her? While you ponder on that, what we’ve noticed with other African celebs who also own apps is that fans would rather connect with them on social media than any self-owned app.

 

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Most of them abandon the apps after few weeks of launch and return to where the fans are – mainstream social media. Besides, data is still quite expensive in Africa, additional apps mean more data consumption. Wema might be an exception let’s see how long the Wema Sepetu app thrives.

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Wema says the app will help fans have her closer than they think, giving them access to Wema Sepetu News, TV Shows, fashion, lifestyle, movies and social responsibilities.

Almost there… Jus few hours to go… Yaaaaay…..???????????? #WSSoCloseToYou #WSyourAddiction ????????????

A photo posted by Happy Belated Esma Khan???? (@wemasepetu) on

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