By interim Marcelo Odebrecht, in his testimonies of an awarding ceremony that takes place in Curitiba, confirmed payments made to former President Luiz Inacio Lula da Silva, also in kind. The information is from the newspaper “Valor Econômico”.
In a statement, Lula’s defense said he did not comment on “speculation of giving”. According to the “Value”, the payments, according to the former president of Odebrecht, originated in the company’s Structured Operations Sector, which, according to the investigations, was dedicated to the payment of bribes to public agents.
The use of the sector for this purpose was revealed earlier this year by the former secretary of Marcelo, Maria Lúcia Guimarães Tavares, who made a deed agreement.
What was reported by Marcelo, according to “Valor”, is consistent with the Federal Police’s line of investigation within the scope of the Lava-Jet.
According to the investigations, Lula may have received up to R $ 23 million. Investigations also point out that the codename “amigo”, which is in the seized worksheets of the Structured Operations Sector, is a reference to Lula.
Marcelo Odebrecht has already given some testimony to the Task Force in Curitiba, where he has been imprisoned since June 2015. He has been speaking to Lava-Jato prosecutors in the presence of his lawyers
Equatorial Guinea – New minister appointed for mining and hydrocarbons
Equatorial Guinea President Teodoro Obiang Nguema Mbasogo has named Antonio Oburu Ondo as the new Minister of Mines and Hydrocarbons as part of a cabinet reshuffle. Oburu Ondo, a former managing director of the country’s state-owned oil company GEPetrol, replaces Gabriel Mbaga Obiang Lima who moves to the Ministry of Economy and Planning. Obiang Lima had held the oil minister position for over a decade.
Oburu Ondo takes the helm at a difficult time for the country’s oil industry. Equatorial Guinea’s output has been in decline since the start of 2022 and fell to 60,000 barrels per day in December, according to Argus estimates. The decline has left Equatorial Guinea well below its 120,000 barrels per day production quota under the latest iteration of the Opec+ production restraint deal that came into effect in 2020.
In a recent briefing, Obiang Lima attributed the decline to a lack of funding, stating that banks and exploration companies are struggling to get approved for funding. He emphasized that for the country to continue producing, it needs to reinvest, which is the reason for their difficulties.
Oburu Ondo faces the task of attracting investment back to the upstream sector, given the gradual global shift towards cleaner forms of energy. However, he hopes that his experience and relationships built up over the years at GEPetrol will help him deliver and drive forward the country’s energy policy.
US Diplomat Decries Abandonment of Ambazonia, Urges Anglophone Support,
Tibor Nagy, a former US Assistant Secretary of State for Africa and long-term US diplomat, has recently expressed his concern over the abandonment of Ambazonia by England and Anglophone countries. In a tweet posted on a micro blogging platform, Nagy argued that if the situation in Ambazonia were reversed, and a majority Anglophone government was brutalizing a Francophone population, France would not hesitate to support the Francophones.
Ambazonia, also known as Southern Cameroon, is a region that has been facing a crisis for several years. The conflict in Ambazonia stems from the marginalization and neglect of the Anglophone minority by the Francophone majority in Cameroon. This has led to calls for independence from the Anglophone community, and the situation has escalated into a full-blown conflict, with reports of human rights violations and atrocities being committed by both sides.
Nagy, who has served as the US Ambassador to Guinea and Ethiopia, as well as a Professor Emeritus at Texas Tech University, believes that the lack of support from Anglophone countries for the Ambazonian people is a major problem. He argued that if the situation were reversed, and a Francophone country was brutalizing an Anglophone population, France would not sit idly by and watch. This, according to Nagy, is a clear indication of the double standards that exist in the international community when it comes to supporting marginalized communities.
Imagine if the factors in Southern Cameroon’s (#Ambazonia) crisis were reversed and a majority Anglophone government was brutalizing a Francophone population. Anyone doubt that France would be hyper-active in supporting Ambazonians? Too bad Anglophone countries don’t do same.
— Tibor Nagy (@TiborPNagyJr) January 26, 2023
Nagy’s tweet has sparked a heated debate on social media, with many people agreeing with his argument and others disagreeing. Some people have pointed out that the situation in Ambazonia is not as simple as Nagy has portrayed it, and that there are many complex factors involved that cannot be ignored.
Regardless of the differing opinions, Nagy’s tweet highlights the need for the international community to pay more attention to the crisis in Ambazonia and to provide more support for the Ambazonian people. The situation in Ambazonia is a clear example of how neglect and marginalization can escalate into a full-blown conflict, and it is the responsibility of the international community to prevent this from happening.
In conclusion, Nagy’s tweet serves as a wake-up call for Anglophone countries to pay more attention to the crisis in Ambazonia and to provide more support for the Ambazonian people. The international community must not sit idly by and watch as a marginalized community is brutalized, and it is time for Anglophone countries to take action and to support the Ambazonian people in their struggle for justice and equality.
Ambazonia – Cameroon’s denial of Canadian mediation criticized
Tibor Nagy, a former US Assistant Secretary of State for Africa and a long-term US diplomat, has expressed his disappointment at the government of Cameroon’s denial of authorizing Canadian mediation in the Ambazonia crisis. In a tweet, Nagy wrote that the denial shows a split in the Biya regime and indicates that both sides are positioning for a post-Biya government.
Nagy’s statement comes amid growing concerns about the ongoing conflict in the Ambazonia region of Cameroon, which has resulted in widespread human rights abuses, displacement, and political unrest. The conflict, which began in 2016, has been fueled by decades of marginalization and neglect of the English-speaking regions of the country by the predominantly French-speaking government in Yaoundé.
Imagine if the factors in Southern Cameroon's (#Ambazonia) crisis were reversed and a majority Anglophone government was brutalizing a Francophone population. Anyone doubt that France would be hyper-active in supporting Ambazonians? Too bad Anglophone countries don't do same.
— Tibor Nagy (@TiborPNagyJr) January 26, 2023
As a seasoned diplomat with years of experience in African affairs, Nagy is well-acquainted with the complexities of the Cameroonian conflict. His statement reflects the views of many observers who believe that the government’s denial of Canadian mediation is a disappointing and concerning development in the ongoing crisis.
The denial of Canadian mediation is particularly significant because it demonstrates the government’s unwillingness to engage in a constructive and meaningful dialogue with the people of Ambazonia. It also indicates that the government is not interested in finding a peaceful resolution to the conflict and is instead opting for a more confrontational approach.
Nagy’s statement also highlights the importance of international pressure in bringing about change in Cameroon. He suggests that without significant pressure, the regime is unlikely to make any voluntary changes. This highlights the crucial role that international actors can play in promoting peace and stability in the region.
In conclusion, Nagy’s statement serves as a wake-up call for the international community to pay closer attention to the Ambazonia crisis and to take action to support the people of the region. As a former US diplomat, Nagy’s perspective carries weight and serves as a powerful reminder of the need for the international community to take a more proactive role in addressing the ongoing conflict in Cameroon.
Islamic State-affiliated ADF kills 15 in DR Congo
Bunia, DR Congo – A series of violent attacks on villages in eastern DR Congo, believed to be carried out by Islamic State-affiliated ADF rebels, have left at least 15 people dead, according to local officials. This latest round of violence comes just one week after a similar attack that resulted in the deaths of over 20 people.
“There were simultaneous attacks this Sunday between 4:00 and 5:00 am on three villages…,” said local official Dieudonne Malangai. “In Manyala village we found seven bodies… at Ofay, there were eight dead, including seven women,” Malangai reported to the press, and indicated that the final death toll might be higher. A humanitarian source confirmed seven fatalities in Manyala and “at least eight” in Ofay.
Despite the efforts of local security forces, these attacks have continued to occur on a regular basis in the region. Many local residents have grown increasingly frustrated and tired of the ongoing violence, with Malangai stating, “We are tired of giving the death toll day after day.”
ADF fighters have also been blamed for last week’s raids in the neighboring province of North Kivu, which cost at least 23 lives. In the same province, at least 14 people were killed in a bomb blast at a pentecostal church.
Islamic State portrays the ADF, which has its roots in Rwanda, as its central African incarnation. In an attempt to stem the violence, the government in May 2021 declared a state of alert in North Kivu and Ituri, replacing civil administrators with police and troops. However, despite these efforts, the attacks continue to occur with regularity, leaving local residents feeling vulnerable and unprotected.
In addition to the loss of life, the attacks have also had a devastating impact on the local economy, with many businesses and farms being destroyed. This, in turn, has led to widespread poverty and food insecurity in the region.
The ADF, which has been active in the region since the 1990s, is known for its brutality and indiscriminate attacks on civilians. The group’s tactics have been widely condemned by the international community and human rights organizations, but the government’s efforts to combat the group have so far been ineffective.
The continued violence in eastern DR Congo is a tragic reminder of the urgent need for a sustainable solution to the ongoing conflict. The government must take immediate action to protect civilians and bring an end to the violence. The international community must also provide support to help stabilize the region and provide aid to those affected by the conflict. Only by working together can we hope to bring peace and stability to this troubled region.
Pope Francis to brings message of hope to war-torn DRC
Pope Francis is visiting the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) and South Sudan, where two of the world’s most neglected crises are ongoing.
Marie Louise Wambale, a conflict survivor from DRC, will be among the Congolese faithful chosen to meet Pope Francis in the capital, Kinshasa.
She hopes that the Pope could bring a message of hope at a time when the M23 rebels are posing their greatest threat to the country since 2012.
Wambale feels disappointed that the Pope could not visit the volatile east and live the suffering of people who have fled the war.
His long-awaited visit was postponed last year due to health reasons, but insecurity has increased since then, so the Pope is limiting his visit to Kinshasa.
The Vatican’s ambassador to DRC, Archbishop Ettore Balestrero, says that the security requirements to protect people at a papal mass would be hard in the east, where there is already danger.
An estimated two million Congolese are expected to attend the mass at Kinshasa airport on February 1, which will be the largest crowd event in DRC’s recent history.
Fighting in the eastern DRC has involved more than 120 armed groups and has increased since the resurgence of the M23. The rebels have captured land and have been accused of committing atrocities against civilians.
The violence has displaced approximately half a million people and has triggered a diplomatic spat with Rwanda, which has been accused of backing the M23.
The region is also grappling with violence linked to ISIS and al-Qaeda affiliates. Earlier this month, ISIS claimed responsibility for a bomb explosion at a church, which killed at least 14 people and injured dozens while they were praying.
In DRC, the Catholic church mediated rising tensions in 2016 and led to the 2018 elections. Ferdinand von Habsburg-Lothringen, a peace-building expert and former adviser to the South Sudan Council of Churches, says that the church has enormous power and moral authority, and people in countries with entrenched problems need a message of eternal hope to lift them out of a generational sense of dread and anxiety.
Cameroon – Ambazonia Silent War May Escalate -JIHA
The Anglophone crisis in Cameroon is one of Africa’s newest struggles for liberation. The crisis emerged from legal and education grievances in 2016 and rapidly escalated into a secessionist political conflict that is threatening the unity of the country, with the potential to degenerate into a complex emergency. The crisis has been intensifying and has raised concerns about the potential for it to evolve into a “Complex Disaster Emergency” (CDE) in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon.
In an exploratory, qualitative, analytical, and descriptive case study research tradition involving document/content analysis, the Robert Strauss Centre’s complex emergency framework was applied to investigate the potential of the Anglophone crisis. The research found that 72.5% of the variables in all the complex emergencies fall within the relevant to extremely relevant ranking criteria. Furthermore, the establishment of a nexus between the Anglophone crisis and a natural hazard-induced disaster suggest an escalation of the crisis to an unbearable level.
The Anglophone crisis has been compounded by the high probability of a novel eruption at Mt. Cameroon coupled with the eminent threat of the spread of the COVID-19 virus. This further heightens the potential for the crisis to cumulatively evolve into a CDE in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon. The existential challenges in providing humanitarian assistance in the conflict region are immense, and by applying the Robert Strauss Centre’s complex emergency framework, this article concludes with an early warning for an impending CDE that could heighten humanitarian challenges unless there is foresight and goodwill by relevant actors to immediately commence a process of adequate contingency planning.
In conclusion, the Anglophone crisis in Cameroon is a complex and rapidly evolving situation that has the potential to degenerate into a “Complex Disaster Emergency” (CDE) in the Anglophone regions of Cameroon. The crisis has been intensifying and has raised concerns about the potential for it to evolve into a CDE. It is important for relevant actors to take immediate action and begin adequate contingency planning to mitigate the potential humanitarian challenges that may arise.
President Biya’s incapacity at US Africa Leaders Summit raises concerns in Cameroon
Cameroon’s President, 89-year-old Paul Biya, recently attended the US Africa Leaders Summit, but it appears that he was completely unaware of his surroundings. This has raised concerns about his ability to effectively lead the country, particularly given the fact that he mostly lives in Switzerland.
Paul Biya has been the President of Cameroon since 1982, and before that, he served as the Prime Minister from 1975 to 1982. He has been in power for over four decades, and during this time, he has implemented a number of policies and initiatives that have helped to shape the country. However, despite his many achievements, there are now growing concerns about his ability to continue to lead Cameroon effectively.
One of the main concerns is that President Biya mostly lives in Switzerland, and it is thought that he spends very little time in Cameroon. This has led to criticism that he is not fully engaged with the country and its people, and that he is out of touch with the reality on the ground. Additionally, there are concerns that his advanced age means that he is no longer able to make important decisions and that he is unable to fully understand the complex issues facing Cameroon.
Paul Biya, who has been president for 40 years, went to the Africa’s leaders’ summit & not only could he not read his speech, he was farting, audibly! This is why we should vote Tinubu!💀 pic.twitter.com/LYjqe1V0Kn
— mazpa_md (@mazpa_md) January 21, 2023
Another major concern is that President Biya’s recent appearance at the US Africa Leaders Summit, where he appeared to be completely unaware of where he was, has raised serious doubts about his mental and physical capabilities. This has led to calls for him to step down, as many believe that he is no longer fit to lead the country.
Despite these concerns, it is worth noting that President Biya has a strong support base in Cameroon and that many people still have faith in his leadership. However, it is clear that there are now significant questions about his ability to continue to lead the country effectively, and it remains to be seen how this situation will play out in the coming months and years.
Cameroon’s President Paul Biya’s recent attendance at the US Africa Leaders Summit where he seemed to be completely unaware of his surroundings, along with the fact that he mostly lives in Switzerland, has raised concerns about his ability to continue to lead the country effectively. There are calls for him to step down, as many believe that he is no longer fit to lead the country, but it remains to be seen how this situation will play out in the coming months and years.
Ambazonia agrees to negotiate with Cameroon, Younde Disagrees
Ambazonia, a separatist movement in southern Cameroon, has announced its acceptance of negotiations with Cameroon as part of a peace process. This development was made known in a statement posted online, which was well-received by the international community.
The United Nations was reportedly present during the four-month pre-talks held in Canada, which were aimed at laying the groundwork for the upcoming negotiations. Twitter user Mark Bareta wrote that it is time for all parties involved to unite around the peace process and move towards a resolution of the conflict.
#Ambazonia has formally accepted to enter into talks with Cameroun as disclosed in the statement below.This is a well crafted statement. It has now been disclosed that the @UN observed during the 4 months pretalks in Canada. Let’s now unite around this process and beat #Cameroon pic.twitter.com/WrH89BOIdM
— Mark Bareta (@MarkBareta) January 22, 2023
Additionally, religious leaders from southern Cameroon have publicly endorsed the peace process and the role of Foreign Policy Canada in championing a peaceful resolution to the conflict. Unfortunately, Cameroon and its president, Paul Biya, have reportedly declined to participate in the mediation process.
Religious leaders from Southern Cameroons have now publicly endorse the peaceful resolution of the conflict championed by @CanadaFP . Unfortunately for them the country #Cameroon and Biya they so much love has chickened out of the mediation. Ambazonia shall continue to stand tall pic.twitter.com/QIvFBsiAX4
— Mark Bareta (@MarkBareta) January 24, 2023
Despite this setback, Ambazonia is said to be continuing to stand strong and is committed to finding a peaceful resolution to the conflict through the negotiation process. The international community is encouraged by this development and is hopeful that the talks will lead to a peaceful resolution for all parties involved.
This is a positive step forward in the long-standing conflict in southern Cameroon, and the world is eagerly awaiting the outcome of the negotiations. The role of religious leaders in endorsing peace and the involvement of the United Nations and Foreign Policy Canada in the peace process bode well for the future and offer hope for a resolution to the conflict.
Mass graves of 49 civilians found in DR Congo
UN peacekeepers in the Democratic Republic of Congo have uncovered mass graves containing the bodies of 49 civilians following a series of attacks blamed on a local armed group, Cooperative for the Development of Congo (CODECO). The graves were found in two villages in northeastern Ituri province, about 30km (19 miles) east of the town of Bunia.
Farhan Haq, deputy spokesperson for the United Nations, told reporters in New York on Wednesday that 42 victims, including six children, were discovered in a mass grave in the village of Nyamamba, while the bodies of seven other men were found in another village, Mbogi.
“Peacekeepers launched a patrol to the area immediately after receiving reports of attacks on civilians by the CODECO militias over the weekend. This is when they made the gruesome discoveries,” he said. The UN is calling for an investigation to establish if the mass graves and the attacks are linked. The UN regional peacekeeping operation, MONUSCO, is also supporting the Congolese judicial system to investigate the attacks and called for the perpetrators to be brought to justice.
Ituri, a restive province bordering Uganda, has seen a spate of violence in recent weeks, after the killing of a teacher belonging to the Lendu community triggered reprisal attacks from CODECO, which claims to represent the ethnic group. The Lendu and Hema communities have a longstanding feud, which led to thousands of deaths between 1999 and 2003 before an intervention by a European peacekeeping force.
Haq also warned of a “significant deterioration of the security situation” in Ituri, saying that at least 195 civilians have been killed, 68 wounded and 84 people abducted since December during attacks attributed to the CODECO and Zaire militias. More than 1.5 million people in Ituri province have also been displaced by the fighting. The UN is urging for the protection of civilians and for all parties to respect human rights.
Police disperse Goma protest against slow M23 rebel pullback
Police have fired tear gas to disperse demonstrators in the Democratic Republic of Congo’s eastern city of Goma. Protesters on Wednesday were calling for authorities to enforce an agreed withdrawal of M23 rebels from occupied territory in the region. Regional leaders brokered a ceasefire in November, under which the Tutsi-led M23 group – which launched a fresh offensive last year – was meant to pull out of recently captured positions. The deadline for this was January 15, according to the DRC’s presidency.
But M23 has been accused of flouting the deal and occupying territory elsewhere to compensate for withdrawals that critics have argued were mainly ceremonial. President Felix Tshisekedi made similar accusations on Tuesday. The M23 has denied the claims and in turn, accused DRC authorities of breaching of the agreement.
Civil society groups called protests in Goma on Wednesday to denounce delays in implementing the M23 withdrawal. City authorities had banned the march, but hundreds still took part, chanting and holding signs denouncing the East African Community (EAC), which set up a regional military force last year to end the unrest. Police fired tear gas at the demonstrators and arrested about a dozen people, including three journalists, according to a Reuters reporter on the scene.
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