Rabat – According to a study from the High Planning Commission (HCP), the total population of the Maghreb region will increase from the current total of 100 million in 2018 to 132 million by 2050, a predicted growth of one million a year.
The current population of the Maghreb region is mostly centered in Algeria and Morocco, accounting for 77 percent, and this will remain true in 2050.
The study analyzed the three factors that have the most direct impact on population growth: mortality, birth rate, and migration. The study credits the high birth rate in the region for the predicted population growth.
If this figure is reached, the population of the Maghreb will account for 1.35% of the world in 2050 as opposed to the current 1.5%.
However, when solely looking at the demographics of the African continent, Maghreb representation will decrease from the current 7.8% to 5.2% by 2050 due to the population growth also predicted in other African regions.
The study also assessed past population growth in the Maghreb region and found that between 1980 and 2018, the population of the Maghreb population doubled from 50 million to 100 million, an annual increase of 1.3 million inhabitants.
The population growth may have detrimental effects on employment, protection of the elderly, urbanism, water, and health. It will also cause an increase in pollution, global warming and climate change.