For many years, populations in Libreville and its periphery have experienced unprecedented floods due to flood watersheds that would require an environmental impact assessment to prevent such disasters. As recently as last weekend, the populations of the Belle-peinture neighborhood, IAI woke up in the water.
The heavy rains that struck the Gabonese capital last weekend have again claimed victims. Rains that have left no chance for vulnerable populations, who have no weapon to defend themselves against Mother Nature. These floods have affected several districts of the capital, namely Belles-peinture, IAI and Pont d’A*sélé, to name but a few.
Solutions to prevent such natural disasters should be put in place by the State, and impact studies should be carried out in the watershed areas that are causing the floods.
Gabon, like other countries, is committed to the fight against natural disasters, which results in the setting up of institutions such as the Directorate General for Risk Prevention (DGPR) The Ministry of the Interior, Public Security, Immigration and Decentralization. But the question that people are asking is what is the purpose of this institution if the floods occur every year. The same neighborhoods suffer the same fate. That of the flood that carries everything in its path.
The watersheds in the Libreville area are the Ogombié basin, which is bounded on the north by National 1 at the PK5 district, on the south by the Oloumi and Lalala districts, on the east by the Beau-Séjour Awendjé and to the West by Belle-vue, Camp-Ntchoréré. The Ogombié watershed is the largest in Libreville, as it consists of 9 branches and 14 main sub-basins. (Gabon Priority Program for Sanitation 2012). In the municipality of Owendo there is also the Indongui watershed, which is confined to the north by the Akournam district, to the south by the Estuary of the Komo, to the east by the Nomba estate and the National School of Gendarmerie .
All these watersheds would no longer follow their normal course because of the action of man. Some reckless or uninformed owners built their homes near these watersheds. Consequences ; After heavy showers, rainwater reaches the houses. Some road construction work would also have helped plug some pipes, thus preventing rainwater from flowing normally.
Ultimately, solutions to flooding problems do not depend on mothers, but on the people themselves and on the government responsible for ensuring the welfare of the people.