COP 22 – Deliberations of the African Heads on of state

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They came with projects ready to be funded. Green wall, rescue of the basins of Congo and Chad, renewable energies … African leaders have set the axes of a sustainable co-emergence for the continent, at a summit that took place yesterday in Marrakech.

Wishing that the continent speaks “with one voice”, the king of Morocco gathered, on Wednesday, November 16, some forty heads of State and government of Africa at the Palais des Congrès in Marrakech in order to agree On solutions that could save a continent penalized by climate change.

In this African summit of action, priorities have been set. “Beyond the envelope envisaged from 2020 onwards, by the Paris agreement, the Moroccan presidency of the COP is interested in the mobilization of public funding, the diversification of financial arrangements and the facilitation of Access to funds dedicated to climate, “says the king.

Projects are ready

To hear the African presidents present, the machine is already in motion. “Priority projects are already identified. We will submit them to the African Union (AU) summit in January to endorse their funding, “said Guinean President Alpha Condé, also coordinator of the Renewable Energy Initiative.

“What we expect from our partners is to support us on renewable energy projects to make the production costs of this source more competitive,” said Senegalese President Macky Sall. Another fundamental project for him is the fight against desertification and deforestation, the leading example of which is the great green wall against the advance of the desert which slowly traces its way to Senegal to extend to Djibouti on 7,600 Km.

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Saving the Congo Basin

The president of Congo-Brazzaville, Denis Sassou Nguessou, announced the creation, at his initiative, of a blue fund to save the Congo basin, second lung of the planet after the Amazon. Eleven countries in the zone are affected by the degradation of this basin, which represents 220 million hectares of forest.

Hydroelectric projects, water treatment, irrigation of arable land … are among the projects foreseen by this fund called to be “a common concern” for all Africans. “To save Lake Chad, it will first stabilize the waters of the Congo Basin,” warns Sassou Nguessou.

In a tie suit, Sudanese President Omar El Bashir – under an international arrest warrant for genocide, condemned by the International Criminal Court (ICC) in 2009 – gives a speech on “sustained growth” of his country despite ” Political and economic “, before thanking the fraternal heads of state who supported him, including Mohammed VI.

The Challenge of Adaptation

“We are the third most vulnerable country to climate change after Bangladesh and Guinea Bissau,” says Sierra Leone President Ernest Bai Koroma, for whom any African climate initiative must be encouraged. Concise and clear, Paul Kagamé believes that increasing the resilience of the continent must pass through new economic models. While Liberia’s President Ellen Johnson Sirleaf is calling for swift action to help developing countries develop and implement national adaptation plans.

Mahamadou Issoufou, President of Niger, sounded the alarm in the Chad basin, the African climate scourge, which alone is the main threats to the continent (migration, water reduction, Boko Haram …) . Representing 8% of Africa’s surface area, the lake is divided into eight African countries, most of which are the poorest in the world and home to 375 million people. “We must put in place development and adaptation plans for this lake in order to avoid an ecological and humanitarian catastrophe,” warns Issoufou.

France will be exemplary

Pressed by Africa, France, the main donor, is committed to fulfilling its promises of financing. “We will be exemplary at this level,” promised President François Hollande.

For his part, the US Secretary of State, John Kerry, in an outing preceding this African summit, assured that there could be no turning back on the commitments of his country.

“The overwhelming majority of Americans recognize climate change and want their country to honor the commitments made in Paris,” he said, evading the fears arising from the election of Donald Trump, a notorious climax-skeptic.

Duo Mohammed VI – Idriss Deby Itno

At the end of the African Action Summit, the Heads of State adopted a joint declaration setting out their climate priorities and invited Mohammed VI and the current President of the African Union (AU) Idriss Déby Itno Execute.

Three commissions will be set up for this purpose: one for the Sahel region, chaired by Niger, a second for the Congo Basin region, chaired by Congo-Brazzaville and a third for island states under Seychelles.

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