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Osun Tribunal: We reject Appeal Court clarifications — PDP



PDPThe Osun State chapter of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP), on Thursday, faulted the statement of the Court of Appeal on Osun Governorship Election Tribunal, describing it as “an attempt to trivialise shady interference.
This was contained in the press release signed by the chairman of the PDP in the state, Hon Soji Adagunodo, which was forwarded to the Nigerian Tribune in Osogbo.
According to the release, “we read the statement from the Court of Appeal and we affirm straight away that judges in the panel have been removed and sitting of the tribunal delayed. In effect, the panel was disbanded and a new one is yet to be out in place.
“What is the meaning of ‘Judges on the panel are been rotated?’ Are the original judges not removed? If they are removed, is the panel not automatically disbanded pending constitution of another one? And why are the judges removed a day after PDP filed her petition?
“We submit that the excuse from the Appeal court does not add up. An open plot to tamper with judicial proceeding has been initiated and we call on relevant authorities to stop this reprehensible plot for justice and fair play.
“We will not accept any attempt to deny us fair hearing either through delay tactics or influenced breaching of procedures, laws and the constitution.


Gov AbdulRazaq urges youths to shun drug abuse, other vices



Gov AbdulRahman AbdulRazaq of Kwara has called on Nigerian youths to shun drug abuse and other vices that could hinder them from realising their lifetime ambitions.

AbdulRazaq made the call on Wednesday when he received members of the state chapter of Scouts’ Association of Nigeria (SAN), led by its Commissioner, Deacon Olabisi Afolayinka, at the Government House, Ilorin.

The governor, who recalled, with nostalgia, his days as a scout boy in Capital School, Kaduna, said that the organisation had contributed immensely to nurturing youths to become good citizens and contribute to the development of the country.

“This is an association that prepares youths on how to be good citizens and how to relate with their fellow countrymen.

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“These are virtues that the youth of today should maintain. In our own days as youths, there were no rampant cases of drug abuse,” he said.


The governor urged the youth to use their energy for productive ventures and join the organisation to make positive contributions to society.

AbdulRazaq, who was made the organisation’s Ambassador of Peace, promised to live up to expectations by giving necessary support to the body through relevant government agencies.

Earlier in his remarks, Afolayanka said that the constitution of the body automatically made the governor of any state its patron and the president grand patron.

He commended AbdulRazaq for the audience granted the association, saying that this was the first time any governor would be hosting them in the state in the last 21 years.

Afolayanka said that the association was founded to build young boys and girls to make useful contributions to the country.

The SAN commissioner noted that cultism and other vices were not rampant in schools in the past when the scouts held sway.

He urged the governor to continue to support the association for effective discharge of its responsibilities in the state.

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NYSC: Bwari assures Corp members improved welfare



The Chairman of Bwari Area Council, Mr John Gabaya has assured members of the National Youth Service Corps (NYSC) of his administration’s readiness to improve on their welfare.

Gabaya gave the assurance when representatives of the FCT NYSC Secretariat, and some members of the NYSC 2019 Batch B’, paid him a courtesy visit on Wednesday in Abuja.

Gabaya, who appreciated the team for the gesture, said that it was the duty of the council, as host of the NYSC Orientation Camp in the city to ensure it gave the Corps maximum support.

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He acknowledged the fact that the camp in Kubwa, was faced with infrastructure challenges, adding that efforts would be made to amendments it and bring succour to the corps members.


“The council, in its capacity, alongside the management of the scheme, would meet and discuss how it would make the development feasible including our best effort to add a little raise to their allowance,” Gabaya said.

Earlier, the NYSC FCT Coordinator, Mrs Waleeda Isa, said the visit was to acquaint its officials with the new administration of the council as host of the orientation camp.

Isa decried the sorry state of infrastructure at the NYSC camp, saying “their lodge in the camp is dilapidated and needs attention”.

“Also, it would go a long way for those who serve under the council, if your administration can kindly add a little to their allowance to augment what the Federal Government is giving them.

“We will be honoured if you make these efforts so that we feel your presence and know that you have us at heart,” she said.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the NYSC 2019 Batch B’ corp members have reported and would be inaugurated at the orientation camp on Aug. 22.

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Lagos govt boosts MCC services in Eti-Osa Tribune Online



THE Lagos State Government says it has completed yet another Maternal and Childcare Centre (MCC) located in Eti-Osa Local Government Area of the state to increase residents’ access to qualitative maternal and child healthcare.

The state Commissioner of Health, Prof. Akin Abayomi, made this known on Wednesday in Lagos during an advocacy meeting with community leaders and residents of Badore.

Abayomi was represented by the Director of Projects, Ministry of Health, Dr Olusola Oduwole.

He said that the continuous implementation of strategic maternal child survival interventions, policies, programmes and projects by the government was geared toward the reduction of maternal and child mortality in the state.

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According to him, the local and national statistics of maternal and child mortality and morbidity rate are of utmost concern to the government hence, the adoption of various strategies to combat it.

“One of these strategies is the construction of MCC, a specialised healthcare centre for mothers and children.

“It is aimed at taking maternal and child healthcare closer to the people by reducing the travel time and improving the quality care to the highest possible standard,” the commissioner said.


Abayomi said that the MCC was located on Ogombo Road along Abraham Adesanya Estate in Eti-Osa local government area.

According to him, the facility is a four-floored 110-bed complex designed to respond to maternal and child health issues.

“It will provide quality services for the restoration, improvement and promotion of the health and well-being of women, babies and children in the local government area and adjoining communities.

“It has two theatres where surgeries can be done; consulting rooms; treatment rooms, antenatal and postnatal wards; baby nursery; pharmacy, laboratory and offices, among others,” he said.

Abayomi said that the construction of MCCs in the state was designed to stem the tide of maternal deaths which occurred as a result of delivery by unskilled birth attendants, haemorrhage, infection, obstructed labour and malaria, among others.

He said that women should not die in the course of life procreation process.

“The concept of the construction of MCCs was mooted with the conviction that these interventions will impact positively on the health indices of our mothers and children who constitute a significant percentage of clients attended to at public health facilities.

“The Eti-Osa MCC will commence operation before the end of the week and will serve as a referral centre to all primary health facilities in Eti-Osa local government and accompanying communities.

“It will yield the much desired and anticipated impact towards the reduction of maternal and child mortality in the area,” the commissioner said.

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Psychiatric resident doctors vow to continue strike %



THE Association of Resident Doctors, Federal Neuro-Psychiatric Hospital, Yaba, has resolved to continue its ongoing indefinite strike demanding for optimal mental healthcare for patients.

The President of the association, Dr Afeez Enifeni, said in a statement on Wednesday, in Lagos, that the strike would continue until the management addressed the work experience of the overworked doctors.

Enifeni said that the doctors had on Aug. 19 held a meeting to review the current industrial action.

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The doctors accused the hospital management of being insensitive to the plight of the in and outpatients, who according to him, are receiving suboptimal mental health services.


“The hospital management has blatantly refused to replace the annual exit of resident doctors for the past four years.

“Instead, they have let patient load and clinical work increase significantly for hapless resident doctors whose health and academic pursuits have suffered irreparably.

“In light of the above, the management’s insistence on employing only five locum doctors is highly provocative of our demands.

“It hardly improves the status quo which already puts overworked resident doctors at the brink of academic failure, health challenges and malpractice suits,” he said.

He urged President Muhammadu Buhari to prevail on the hospital’s management to do the needful in line with the administration’s next level agenda.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) recalls that the resident doctors had embarked on an indefinite strike on July 31 over non-employment of more resident doctors at the hospital.

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AIDS: Society says self-stigma more destructive than HIV/AIDS



THE Coalition of Civil Society Network on HIV/AIDS in Nigeria (COCSNHAN) on Wednesday said that self-stigma was more destructive to people living with HIV than the disease.

Mr Ikenna Nwakamma, first Co-chairman of the society, told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in Abuja that it was the major reason people living with HIV default from treatments.

Nwakamma, who called for the incorporation of mental health services in the national HIV programme, said it was imperative to rescue patients from the dangers of self-stigma.

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“Very important, the issues of self-stigma is hardly talked about and that is even more destructive; it is the major reason people living with HIV default in their treatment,” he said.

The society’s co-chairman explained that mental health would make people living with HIV become co-managers of their health.

According to him, mental health problems among people living with HIV is the new epidemic and we must deal with it squarely.

Nwakamma restated the plans of the society to set up a monitoring system that would capture and report cases of stigma and discrimination in health facilities.

He promised that any identified case would be used to send a strong warning to others.

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NGO treats 300,000 children in Benue ― Official %



THE Christian Aid-UK, an NGO based in Nigeria, said they have catered for the medical needs of over 300,000 children under five years in Benue in the past three years.

The Senior Programme Coordinator, Community Health, Ms Anne Adah-Ogoh, disclosed this on Wednesday in Makurdi at the official close-out of their three years programme in Benue.

Adah-Ogoh said that Christian Aid Nigeria through its Improved Child Health Project (PICH Project) carried out the intervention in Kwande, Konshisha, Obi and Okpokwu Local Government Areas of Benue.

She said 123,640 children benefited from the programme in Kwande local government; 117, 635 in Konshisha; 53,628 in Obi, and Okpokwu 46,648, respectively.

She said most of the aliments catered for, were reoccurring ones like malaria, fever, diarrhoea and pneumonia.

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She said the organisation made use of Community Oriented Resource Persons (CORPs) as volunteers, 124 Lower Level Health Facility Workers, 340 Faith and community leaders, and two local partners; Ohonyeta CareGivers and Jireh Doo Foundation, during the intervention.

Adah-Ogoh appealed to relevant authorities in Nigeria to conduct continuous capacity building for community development committees to strengthen advocacy at local government levels.

He further appealed for the provision of potable water and good roads in the rural areas for improved health and human capacity building.

In his goodwill message, the Country Director of the NGO, Mr Charles Usie, commended the Benue Government for providing a conducive environment for the effective implementation of their projects over the years.


Usie appealed to the government to ensure that available data is made available at all local government areas for effective usage.

He said the project has ensured availability of drugs and improved healthcare delivery in the remote areas where hitherto had access to no medical facilities.

The Executive Secretary, Benue Health Insurance Agency, Mr Tony Egwa, said the state was in receipt of N1.7 billion federal government counterpart funding for the upgrade of 273 primary healthcare centres in the state.

Egwa said the counterpart funding was possible following the earlier N100 million counterpart fund paid by the state government.

He explained that each of the 273 council wards would benefit from the upgrade of a single primary healthcare centre.

He said that funds would also be used for the eradication of malaria in the state and pledged that the state would improve on the intervention of Christian Aid (UK) Nigeria.

The state Commissioner for Health and Human Services, Dr Sunday Eligwu, commended the organisation for their intervention in childhood illnesses.

Eligwu, who was represented by the State Director of Public Health, Dr Terna Kor, said the state government was planning to establish community-based health insurance programmes across the state for improved health.

On his part, Gov. Samuel Ortom, appealed to the NGO to workout modalities so as to carry out similar interventions in the remaining 19 local governments in the state.

Represented by his Special Adviser on Special Duties, Mr Joseph Odaudu, he said the government was ready to facilitate all their projects in the state in every possible way.

“We are ready to partner with you. We will facilitate all your projects in the state because every life saved is worthwhile,’’ Ortom said.

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Hashimoto’s disease deprives human body of hormones for healthy function ― Endocrinologist



DR Ikechukwu Henry, an Abuja based endocrinologist, says Hashimoto disease is depriving the human body of the necessary hormones for healthy function.

Henry told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Wednesday in Abuja that neglecting to treat this condition could lead to a number of complications.

Hashimoto’s disease also called Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis, is an autoimmune disorder in which a person’s immune system attacks the thyroid gland.

The endocrinologist explained that the disease was named after a Japanese physician Hakaru Hashimoto, who discovered it.

The endocrinologist said Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis was the most common cause of hypothyroidism or decreased activity of the thyroid gland.

According to him, hypothyroidism can cause a goitre “an inflamed and swollen thyroid gland”, which can affect the human ability to swallow food or to breathe.

Other possible complications are heart disease, depression and birth defects, said the expert.

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He said that myxedema was the name for severe, untreated hypothyroidism, noting that it can result in a medical crisis known as myxedema coma, in which the patient may lose consciousness as organ functions slow or shut down.

Henry said that the symptoms of Hashimoto’s disease were related to the effects of low levels of thyroid hormones.

“You may notice a swelling of the throat beneath your Adam’s apple as the thyroid gland becomes inflamed and enlarged. Hashimoto’s disease may cause mood changes, fatigue, memory problems and depression.

“Pale skin, sensitivity to cold, a puffy face and brittle nails can also be signs of this disease.


“Additionally, unexpected weight gain, muscles aches and joint pain can signal this disorder. Women may notice unusually heavy menstrual bleeding,” he explained.

According to him, Hashimoto’s disease is more likely to affect women than men.

“While this disease can appear at any age, it is most likely to set in during the middle-age years,’’ Henry said.

He said that people were at greater risk of developing this disease if a family member had the disease or if they already suffer from another autoimmune disorder.

Henry explained that autoimmune disorders were diseases in which a body’s immune system goes awry and begins attacking healthy body organs or tissues as if they were foreign substances.

In Hashimoto’s disease, he said, it affects organ in the thyroid, stating that the thyroid gland is a small gland located just below Adam’s apple.

“This gland produces and releases thyroid hormones into your bloodstream. Thyroid hormones regulate body functions such as metabolism, heart function, muscle control, brain development and mood.

“When the thyroid is attacked by your immune system, it is no longer able to produce the hormones needed for these necessary functions,” he said.

He, however, added that exposure to radiation increases chances of developing the disease.

The endocrinologist said that there were two types of blood tests used for the diagnosis of hypothyroidism, stating that the first is to test a person’s blood for Thyroid Stimulating Hormone (TSH).

“TSH levels become high in the blood when the thyroid is not producing enough thyroid hormones. The pituitary gland of the brain then produces more TSH in an attempt to stimulate the production of T3 and T4,” he explained.

He stated that the second test was to determine the presence of antibodies against the enzyme Thyroid Peroxidase (TPO).

“The immune system is attacking TPO, then these antibodies will be present,” he added.

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DASH performs over 10 surgeries daily ― CMD %



THE Dalhatu Araf Specialist Hospital (DASH), Lafia, Nasarawa State, says the facility is performing an average of 10 surgeries daily.

Dr Hassan Ikrama, the Chief Medical Director (CMD) of the hospital disclosed this in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) on Wednesday in Lafia.

According to him, the specialist hospital has sufficient technical and other specialists to cater for the increasing number of patients patronising the facility daily.

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He said that the hospital at the moment has the highest number of Consultants at the different speciality of medical profession.


“We have 37 permanent and other visiting consultants in different fields, over 100 Doctors apart from Nurses, Pharmacists and Laboratory Technicians, among others.

“There is no Specialist Hospital in the entire country at the moment that has the number of consultants we have.

“The government has also acquired brand new machines for the newly constructed neurology Block recently built by the state government.

“The government has bought brand new city scan and digital Xray machines that patients were hitherto sent to Keffi or Jos because we do not have them.

“Already, the digital Xray machine is being used, but we are currently training personnel on how to operate the city scan machine,” the CMD added.

Ikrama also assured members of the public that the management of the hospital would do everything possible to ensure better service delivery.

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Group donates health centre to Anambra community



A Non-Governmental Organisation, Nuway Foundation USA, has donated a primary health centre to Agbaja, Abatete community in Idemili North Local Government Area of Anambra.

The News agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that the project was inaugurated by the state Commissioner for Health, Dr Vincent Okpala, on Tuesday.

Okpala, who was represented by the Permanent Secretary in the ministry, Dr John Ndibe, praised the Foundation, made up of Anambra indigenes, for initiating and funding the project.

“I am always overwhelmed when I see such gestures, an indication that some people are thinking about the welfare of others.

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“I thank you for adopting this idea while studying in America and for deeming it appropriate to furnish, equip and employ workers for the health centre,’’ the commissioner said.

A member of the Board of Trustees (BOT) of the Foundation, Dr Victor Iloegbunam, said that the group believed in giving back to the society.


He said that the Foundation had been working on four areas: Health, Opportunity for economic empowerment, Borehole for water and Education (HOBE), with particular focus on Awa and Abatete in Orumba North and Idemili North Council Areas respectively.

“At Community Secondary School, Awa, we donated an ultra-modern science laboratory, in addition to the classroom blocks renovated and the many boreholes sunk in the community.

“We also renovated another classroom block at Abanna Secondary School, Abatete.

“We have completed, equipped and employed a doctor and five qualified nurses for this cottage hospital. Everything here is free; you only need to pay for drugs at wholesale price,’’ Iloegbunam said.

He called on well-meaning individuals and groups to contribute their time, talents and resources to ensure that the facility continued to provide services for the people of the community.

The President-General of Abatete, Mr Moses Chukwuka, urged the state government to employ more doctors and nurses for the facility, and provide an ambulance.

Chukwuka assured that the community would continue to cooperate with the Foundation and the state government in order to attract more development projects to the community.

NAN reports that Sen. Uche Ekwunife, representing Anambra Central senatorial district, also donated a generator, beds, scale and wall screen to the health centre.

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Noise pollution, invisible cause of ill health » Health » Tribune Online



Noise pollution can cause health problems for people and wildlife, both on land and in the sea. From traffic noise to rock concerts, loud or inescapable sounds can cause hearing loss, stress, and high blood pressure.

Although it cannot be seen, noise pollution is present nevertheless everywhere. It is considered to be any unwanted or disturbing sound that affects the health and well-being of humans and other organisms.

There are many sounds in the environment, from rustling leaves to a thunderclap to the wail of a siren. Sounds that reach 85 decibels or higher can harm a person’s ears.

Sound sources that exceed this threshold include familiar things, such as power lawn mowers, food grinders and loud concerts and religious meetings.

World Health Organisation declared noise in large cities as pollution (third after water and air). Most areas in the world have this menace. This menace has been on the increase due to population growth, increase in vehicular movements, high industrial activities and many others.

Dr Ayotunde Fasunla, an ear, nose and throat expert at the University College Hospital (UCH), Ibadan states that the negative effect of noise pollution will depend on its loudness and length of time of exposure.

According to him, any music or sound that is lower than 80 decibels is not likely to cause ear damage.

However, he says, “if you listen to sound at 80 decibels continuously for eight hours, it will cause weakness of the hair cells within the inner ear and cause damage.  Your ear can recover from this damage if you do not expose yourself to the loud noise again.

“But if the loud noise at 80 decibels is continuous for eight hours, such a person is likely to go deaf. If it increases to 83 decibels, you just need four hours to be deaf. If the loudness increases to 86 decibels, you need two hours to be deaf. If it increases to 91 decibels, you need just 30 minutes to be deaf.”

However, scientific research into understanding the impacts of noise is increasingly showing the detrimental health impacts that exposure to noise pollution can have on different people.

Researchers in a new study that determines the health effects of noise exposure among instrumentalists in Pentecostal churches in Port Harcourt, Rivers State, found 39 per cent had noise-induced hearing loss (NIHL) and 38 per cent had tinnitus.

The 2019 study published in the Nigerian Journal of Medicine included F.E. Anyiam, K.E. Douglas. It involved 216 instrumentalists from 30 churches in Port Harcourt.

Although 80.56 per cent of them was aware that loud music can cause permanent hearing loss, only 19 per cent used hearing protection devices (HPD).

Howbeit, a significant risk of noise-induced hearing loss was observed in musicians who had experienced tinnitus, played only amplified instruments and had at least 10 years of music experience.

Noise induced hearing loss is highly prevalent in occupational settings. A study that assessed the workplace noise exposure level among 220 food grinders and other market traders in four markets in Calabar found a majority of food grinders (97 per cent) were exposed to noise levels greater than 85 decibels.

This study, a dissertation by Dr Abasi Ubong Akpakpan to the National Postgraduate Medical College of Nigeria (NPMCN), indicated a significant noise problem exists among the food grinders resulting in hearing impairment in excess.

A significantly higher proportion of these food grinders also had abnormal blood pressure compared with other market traders.


Meanwhile, the expert’s assessment of noise from generators in four locations in Akure (two residential, commercial, and industrial areas) indicated that noise levels were above the permissible limits in a 2018 study in the journal, Environmental Research and Technology.

The average noise levels were between 88.7 and 90.5 decibels at Oke Eri Estate, between 81.7 and 85.0 decibels at Housing Estate; between 84.8 and 113.4 decibels at Stadium Road and between 81.9 and 90.0 decibels at FUTA Road.

Howbeit, an audiologist at the King Saud University, Saudi Arabia, Professor Dele Owolawi says m any Nigerians are losing their hearing abilities gradually due to noise from power generating set.

Owolawi who disclosed this recently in Lagos during a media chat, said noise from   power generating sets was one of the things killing Nigerians, adding that people are dying gradually without being aware of it.

Studies have implicated entertainment noise in contributing to the burden of hearing loss. An assessment of occupational noise exposure and hearing impairment among employees of nightclubs in Port Harcourt metropolis revealed that 71.1 per cent of the respondents had mild hearing loss.

The 2019 study in the Asian Journal of Medicine and Health found that average sound level of nightclubs in Port Harcourt metropolis was 100.9dBA.

Additionally, the majority (93.7 per cent) of employees work more than eight hours daily and most (98.8 per cent) of these employees do not use hearing protection devices.

Furthermore, hearing loss was associated with age, sex, educational status and previous exposure to occupational noise. Similarly, there was a relationship between duration of employment, job description and hearing loss.

Dr Fasunla says the impact of noise in concerts, nightclubs and the religious meeting is felt more because the  loudspeakers are placed on the ground or the level of the ear and are usually loud.

Continuous exposure to loud sound aside from causing hearing impartment may become a stressor that predisposes to hypertension, he added.

“You know when something happens that you do not like, it actually sends messages that lead to the release of cortisol and adrenaline, which are stress hormones that will shoot blood pressure up in those that are vulnerable over time,” he added.

Vice chancellor, Lagos State University (LASU), Professor Olanrewaju Fagbohun at the 4th annual stakeholders interactive session on noise pollution control in Lagos State listed the physical and psychological effects of noise to include hearing defects, cognitive impairment in children, increased blood pressure, cardiovascular diseases, ulcer, headache, depression, sleep disorder and irritability.

Professor Fagbohun stated that “Other effects of noise on human health are emotional disturbance, low productivity at work, decrease in quality of life and life expectancy, while animals, vegetation and property are also not spared.”

Alhaji Baba Lawan, Director, Abuja Environmental Protection Agency (AEPB) under the Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA) said that the agency had received numerous complaints by FCT residents on noise pollution from clubs, recreational centres, among others.

“Some FCT residents are complaining that their children don’t sleep at night due to noise from loudspeakers used in some clubs and recreational centres, instead they sleep in the school when teachers are teaching them,” he said.

He advised users of loudspeakers in clubs and recreational centres, churches, mosques to ensure they provide insulation that could prevent noise pollution to avoid sanctions.

Alhaji Lawan said the agency was also working assiduously to curtail noise pollution from generators and grinding machines due to the negative impact of fume on the environment and human health.

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Obinwanne Okeke: Inside his ‘CEO Fraud’ business



            <div id="attachment_492704" class="wp-caption alignnone" readability="32"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-492704" data-attachment-id="492704" data-permalink="" data-orig-file="" data-orig-size="500,647" data-comments-opened="1" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"0","credit":"","camera":"","caption":"","created_timestamp":"0","copyright":"","focal_length":"0","iso":"0","shutter_speed":"0","title":"","orientation":"0"}" data-image-title="Obinwanne-Okeke-1" data-image-description="" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" src="" alt="" width="500" height="647" class="size-full wp-image-492704" data-recalc-dims="1"/><p id="caption-attachment-492704" class="wp-caption-text">Obinwanne Okeke: waiting for Federal indictment for BEC crime</p></div>

The latest about the Forbes Africa celebrated Nigerian businessman Obinwanne Okeke, now in prison in the United States is that his case has been sent to a federal grand jury for a formal indictment for Business email Compromise(BEC) crimes.

That indictment will happen soon.

After his arrest in Washington in early August, the owner of Invictus Group, has appeared in federal court twice and remained in federal custody as of Monday.

During an Aug. 12 court hearing, the judge in the case noted that the matter is being sent to a federal grand jury for consideration for a formal indictment.

His arrest for executing within several months in 2018, an $11 million business email compromise scheme that targeted a U.K. affiliate of U.S. heavy equipment manufacturer Caterpillar, was not surprising to people who have been tracking this kind of crime.

(Read Marshall Ward’s affidavit: Obinwanne Okeke the FBI affidavit

It is a global fraud, they call it CEO fraud, worth about $12.5 billion between 2013-2018, with increasing Nigerian connection.

In a report in May this year,Scott Ferguson writing for Information Security Media Group, painted a breathtaking evolution of Nigerian email scammers, from “the days of asking for money to help a member of the country’s royal family”, to their present sophisticated practice of BEC. Ferguson also disclosed the existence of a Nigerian BEC gang, styled SilverTerrier, that is responsible for most of the scams emanating from Nigeria.

We reproduce the article:

Over the last four years, several Nigerian criminal gangs have turned their attention to business email compromise schemes. Now they’re using an increasing array of off-the-shelf malware to help advance their plans.

The most prolific of these groups, SilverTerrier, has been especially adept at adopting new technologies and techniques over the past several years, according to a recent analysis by Palo Alto Networks’ Unit 42. The analysis determined this gang is using 20 types of commodity malware, including information stealers and remote administration tools – or RATs.

Over the last 12 months, the number of actors associated with SilverTerrier has increased to over 400, and during the last four years, this group has been responsible for over 1 million attacks, according to Unit 42. This has contributed to a 54 percent increase in BEC scams coming out of Nigeria in 2018, compared to 2017, the analysis found.

In 2018, Unit 42 recorded an average of about 28,000 Nigerian BEC attacks per month, with particularly high spikes in March and April.

Nigerian malware activity from July 2014 through December 2018 (Image: Palo Alto Networks)

“The latest research continues our chronicling of the evolution of Nigerian threat actors from unsophisticated spammers to proficient users and abusers of malware and other tools used by cybercriminals worldwide,” says Jen Miller-Osborn, the deputy director of threat intelligence at Unit 42.

BEC Schemes on Rise Globally
What’s happening with Nigerian scammers reflects a larger trend of cybercriminal gangs turning to business email compromise schemes to turn an illegal profit.

These schemes, which are also known as CEO fraud, have started to gain more attention from law enforcement as the number of incidents has increased over the past four years. In its annual Internet Crime Report released in April, the FBI reported that losses from business email compromise scams nearly doubled between 2017 and 2018, reaching $1.2 billion last year in the U.S. alone.

Globally, that number was over $12.5 billion between 2013 and 2018, according to FBI statistics.

In the typical business email compromise scheme, attackers start by stealing the email credentials of a top executive through phishing or other methods. Then they impersonate that executive, sending urgent messages to lower-level employees to transfer or wire money to various bank accounts. In other cases, the attackers spoof a company’s business partner.

The FBI’s most recent report warns that criminals are constantly changing tactics.

“Through the years, the scam has seen personal emails compromised, vendor emails compromised, spoofed lawyer email accounts, requests for W-2 information, and the targeting of the real estate sector,” the FBI report says.

Also of note: Starting in 2018, cybercriminals began asking for gift cards instead of money.

“The victims received a spoofed email, a spoofed phone call or a spoofed text from a person in authority requesting the victim purchase multiple gift cards for either personal or business reasons,” according to the FBI.

With all this increased attention, the FBI and other law enforcement agencies have started to step up prosecutions related to BEC scams. On May 9, the U.S. Attorney’s Office for the Southern District of New York indicted four individuals for allegedly running a multi-million dollar BEC scheme from 2016 to 2018.

Earlier this year, a Maryland man was sentenced to seven years in federal prison for running a $4.2 million BEC scam.

The Nigerian gangs are casting their nets as wide as possible in search of BEC victims, exporting their schemes to the U.S., Asia and Europe, Miller-Osborn of Unit 42 says. The targets include the tech industry, wholesale, manufacturing, education as well as professional and legal services.

Focus on Nigeria

The Nigerian gangs are casting their nets as wide as possible in search of BEC victims, exporting their schemes to the U.S., Asia and Europe, Miller-Osborn of Unit 42 says. The targets include the tech industry, wholesale, manufacturing, education as well as professional and legal services.

“We don’t have a dollar figure for the attacks that we’ve talked about here,” Miller-Osborn tells Information Security Media Group.

“However, we know that BEC is very lucrative globally and that these attackers have carried out 1.1 million attacks over four years. Also, given that they’re now using tools that hide their malware so that only 58 percent of the time it’s successfully detected, we can conclude that these attacks are successful enough in the eyes of the attackers.”

One of the reasons that the Nigerian BEC schemes have proven successful is the increasing use of commodity malware, especially within the SilverTerrier group, Miller-Osborn says. Many times, the attackers deploy “crypters” to obfuscate the tools they are using and to circumvent an enterprise’s detection capabilities, according to Unit 42.

“What we’ve shown is that they’re using the same widely and broadly available tools that other attackers are using,” Miller-Osborn says. “We don’t see these attackers building their own tools.”


The Unit 42 analysis found that SilverTerrier and related groups are focused on two types of commodity malware: Information stealers and remote administrative tools – sometimes referred to as remote access Trojans.

The researchers found that the SilverTerrier group uses 10 types of information stealers: AgentTesla, Atmos, AzoRult, ISpySoftware, ISR Stealer, KeyBase, LokiBot, Pony, PredatorPain and Zeus. In most cases, these are used to capture screenshots, passwords and other sensitive details belonging to the victims.

These information stealers usually rely on simple command-and-control mechanisms, including web servers, FTP servers and SMTP email connections, the researchers say.

The Unit 42 researchers also found that SilverTerrier and its associates use 10 types of commodity remote administrative tools, including NetWire, DarkComet, NanoCore, LuminosityLink, Remcos, ImminentMonitor, NJRat, Quasar, Adwind and HWorm. These are used for modifying systems, accessing network resources and performing functions on behalf of compromised users, including sending fraudulent emails and accessing databases.

The Unit 42 analysis shows that in addition to relying on more of these remote administrative tools, the SilverTerrier group has developed new and much more complex infrastructure to support them. For instance, because the control servers that support remote administrative tools are often running on a high number of ephemeral ports, the gang has developed dynamic DNS and virtual servers to add a layer of obfuscation to hide their activities and extend the life of the malware.

A deep look at the numbers over the last year, however, shows a shift away from information stealers and a greater emphasis on using remote administrative tools as part of these BEC schemes. The Unit 42 research shows that in 2018, SilverTerrier produced about 1,000 information stealer samples each month. But new samples of stealers declined 26 percent, while remote administrative tools increased 36 percent during this time, producing about 533 different samples each month.

The reason for this, according to Unit 42, is that the remote administrative tools are giving the cyber gang greater capability to pull off their schemes.

The fact that SilverTerrier and other Nigerian gangs are adopting more complex and dangerous tools shouldn’t surprise anyone in the security field given the history of how cybercriminal schemes have developed over the last several years, Miller-Osborn says.

“For many people, the idea that Nigerian threat actors are acting on par with other cybercriminals around the world in terms of sophistication would be surprising,” Miller-Osborn says. “However, this is in line with what we’ve been tracking since 2014 and so in that regard it’s not surprising. The most important lesson here is that attackers evolve and it’s important to continue to monitor threat actors to accurately reassess the threat they pose over time.”

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BBNaija: ‘Let me talk to smart people, not you’ – Frodd attacks Tacha [VIDEO] – Daily Post Nigeria



The 2019 Big Brother Naija, BBNaija ‘Pepper them’ edition, on Monday night witnessed yet another dramatic moment.

This time around, Frodd was caught up in a heated argument with Tacha after the nomination challenge.

DAILY POST had reported that seven BBNaija housemates, including Mike, Seyi, Mercy, Diane , Frodd, Jackie and Gedoni are up for possible eviction this week.

The housemates were nominated after an arena game challenge between two groups, the Icons and Cruistopia.

The ‘Cruistopia team’ were defeated during the challenge.

Elozonam, who won the veto power on Sunday saved Venita and replaced him with Frodd from her team, ‘Cruistopia’.

Frodd upset over his nomination while having a meeting with teammates went into an argument with Tacha who was complaining at their performance during the task.

Frodd in the heated argument said he prefers to talk to other housemates, describing Tacha as not smart.

This got Tacha angry as she hurled insults at him too.

“Fuck off Tacha from me, let me talk to people who are smart,” Frodd added.


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4 Reasons To Should Stop Drinking Coffee



Coffee. PHOTO: Unsplash

Coffee is a brewed drink prepared from roasted coffee beans. The darkly coloured and bitter beverage is one of the most popular drink in the world.

It is estimated that 2.25 billion cups of coffee are consumed per day.

Coffee contains several useful nutrients, including riboflavin (vitamin B-2), niacin (vitamin B-3), magnesium, potassium, and various phenolic compounds, or antioxidants. Some experts suggest that these and other ingredients in coffee can benefit the human body in various ways.

However, drinking too much coffee can cause harm to your body. Underlisted are four reasons why you should put down that coffee mug.


Drinking too much coffee can lead to a condition called “caffeinism”. This condition is marked by restlessness, nervousness, irritability, insomnia. People who drink a lot of coffee every day become “dependent” on coffee to the point that they develop withdrawal symptoms that include headaches, muscle pain and stiffness, lethargy, nausea, vomiting, depressed mood, and marked irritability if they suddenly stop drinking it.


Coffee has a stimulating effect on humans, primarily due to its caffeine content – reduces fatigue and drowsiness. Caffeine is the world’s most widely consumed psychoactive drug. Caffeine can cause insomnia, nervousness and restlessness, stomach upset, nausea and vomiting, increased heart and breathing rate, and other side effects.


Drinking unfiltered coffee can increase total cholesterol, low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and levels of another type of blood fat called triglycerides. This might increase the risk of developing heart disease. Using coffee filters helps to reduce these effects on cholesterol.

Heart Attack

There is some concern that drinking more than 5 cups of coffee per day might not be safe for people with heart disease. But for people who don’t have heart disease, drinking several cups daily does not seem to increase the chance of developing a heart problem.

The medical information provided in this article is provided as an information resource only. This information does not create any patient-physician relationship and should not be used as a substitute for professional diagnosis and treatment.

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Barcelona forward to miss five weeks with hamstring injury – Daily Post Nigeria



Barcelona forward, Ousmane Dembele, is set to miss “approximately five weeks” with a hamstring strain, the club confirmed on Monday.

The France international played the full 90 minutes in Barca’s LaLiga opener against Athletic Club.

Dembele has now picked up a strain in his left hamstring and will be out of action for over a month.

He has enjoyed productive spells with the Spanish champions since his move from Borussia Dortmund in the summer of 2017, but has often been limited by injuries.

A severe hamstring injury at the start of his time at Barca saw him miss over three months and he was sidelined for around another month with different muscle problem not long after his return.

His latest injury concern comes at a time when most of the attackers are suffering fitness issues at the Camp Nou.

Lionel Messi was not risked against Athletic as he recovers from a calf injury, while Luis Suarez went down with injury during the game.

Barca have also lost Coutinho and Malcom this window.

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Buhari knows those causing unrest in Nigeria, says Falana



Activist lawyer Femi Falana (SAN) yesterday said President Muhammadu Buhari’s administration knows those causing unrest in the country and should go after them.

Falana spoke at the Coalition for Revolution’s (CORE’s) working consultative assembly, with the theme: Democracy, State Repression and The State of Insecurity in Nigeria, at the Lagos Centre, Oregun, Ikeja.

The event, which was billed to start at 11 a.m, did not hold due to police disruption.

It was learnt that policemen barricaded the venue and arrested three participants.

Condemning the alleged arrest as well as that of Omoyele Sowore and other #RevolutionNow protesters, Falana said the Federal Government should deploy security forces to tackle terrorism, banditry, kidnapping and other crimes that breach public peace, and not protesters.

The lawyer said it was the struggle by democracy agitators that culminated in the democracy the current administration was turning into a rickety civil rule.

He said the agitators would not allow it.

Falana said: “Our right to assembly and associate peacefully in the country is constitutional. I want to assure you that we are going to ensure that all the rights of Nigerian people that we have fought for and won will not be allowed to be eroded by any regime in this country.

“When we were told that we will not be allowed to meet, my mind went back 30 years ago when we had the Buhari, Ibrahim Babangida and other juntas. We defeated the regimes, and I want to assure you all that any other dictator will not be allowed to raise their head again in Nigeria.

Read Also: #RevolutionNow: 90-day detention must be challenged, says Falana

“I heard that about three persons have been arrested. But I want to assure you that after the programme, I will demand for their release because they have not committed any offence. I want to assure you that all those who were arrested and charged during the #RevolutionNow for unlawful assembly and breaching the peace will be given adequate defence at the court of law.

“We fought and defeated dictatorship under discredited and corrupt military rulers. It was the struggle that we waged that culminated in democracy which the ruling party has turned into a rickety civil rule. We are, therefore, not going to allow the emergence of any form of dictatorship in the country.

“The President Buhari administration knows those breaching the peace of the country: terrorist, armed robbers, coup plotters and others.

“Those who went to the street to protest in exercise of their right to assembly and complain against injustice, corruption and maladministration in the country cannot be said to have breached the law of the country.

“Therefore, the man (Sowore) who was arrested and detained before the protest will be adequately defended at the law court. This is because he has committed no offence.”

The lawyer reminded the gathering how Nigerians fought for their rights, even under the colonial era.

He recalled how nationalists, like the late Chief Anthony Enahoro, chaired lectures organised on the need for a revolution.

“So, let the authority in Abuja know that the call for revolution is not new in Nigeria. Political leaders in this country have over time called for revolution and they have never been arrested and prosecuted. If there is a mistake now, such must be corrected. This country belongs to all of us.

“Before today, they claimed that we must not engage in any activity on the street. We are trying to gather inside the hall, they claimed that we cannot do that. But because of our resolve, we won.

“Revolution is not a dinner party. It is a serious, rigorous and consistent battle for the soul of a country like Nigeria. Therefore, what we have done is a mere declaration of our resolve.

“The struggle is going to be in pains and it will require time. But I believe that we have started and there is no going back. What we have done is to challenge the Nigerian people to appreciate the enormity of crisis of underdevelopment that is confronting the country.

“We do not have a revolution yet in Nigeria, but there is revolutionary pressure in Nigeria. We must seize the advantage of the moment and mobilise Nigerians on the need for revolution: tell them that it will come sooner than later…”

Also at the event were Femi Aborisade, Seun Kuti, Martin Onovo, former governorship candidate for the National Conscience Party (NCP) Funsho Awe and former student unionist Lanre Legacy.

Onovo said: “We understand how herdsmen have become the greatest threat overtaking Boko Haram. The government has failed and the leader of the government must resign. There is no democracy in Nigeria,” he said.

Awe said there was need to correct the bad things noticed in the country, adding that the time was right for a revolution.

For Kuti, the movement was fighting for the collective interest of Nigerians and the country’s future.

Aborishade said: “The failure of government to provide employment violates the dictates of the constitution. President Buhari is criminalising the rights of the people. If they say that I am a terrorist for asking for free medical care for the masses, free education for all, then, I am guilty for that and will like to be prosecuted.

“I demand that Sowore and others be released by the government. Nigeria has been turned to prison. We will ensure that the citizens enjoy the tenets of democracy. The law is taller than the President. I refuse to live in any society that is governed by the whims and caprices of the President and not the constitution. We reject enslavement.”

But the police denied obstructing the gathering or arresting anyone.

They said they were at the venue to maintain the peace.

Deputy Commissioner of Police (DCP) in charge of Operations Mohammed Ali told The Nation on phone that it was normal to deploy policemen to avoid any breakdown of law and order.

“It is not true that the police disrupted their gathering. They were billed to have a press conference and they did. There was no disruption whatsoever, and I do not have information of any arrest there,” he said.

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Cristiano Ronaldo admits he paid rape accuser $375,000 settlement – Daily Post Nigeria



Juventus forward, Cristiano Ronaldo, has admitted he paid his rape accuser Kathryn Mayorga the sum of $375,000 to settle the claim in 2010, TMZ reports.

The American model claimed Ronaldo raped her in a Las Vegas hotel room in 2009, but Ronaldo strongly denies the claims.

Las Vegas authorities announced last month, that there was not enough evidence to bring criminal charges against the footballer.

Mayorga is pressing ahead with a civil case, but Ronaldo’s lawyers want to have it thrown out.

According to them, the claim was already settled with a payoff and confidentiality agreement in 2010.

In newly filed court documents, Ronaldo’s camp are said to acknowledge the $375,000 figure. They insist the payment was not an admission of guilt, but merely an effort to keep the story from public attention.

Mayorga’s lawyers now want the agreement thrown out.

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APC, Fayose bicker over alleged plot to disrupt Udiroko festival



The Ekiti State All Progressives Congress (APC) and former Governor Ayodele Fayose on Monday exchanged verbal attacks over alleged plot to cause havoc in the state.

The party alleged that Fayose has perfected plans to tinker with the state’s peaceful ambience by hiding under the celebration of the annual Udiroko cultural festival scheduled to hold today.

But, the former governor denied the claims, describing the allegation as baseless and figment of the critics’ imagination.

In a statement signed by the APC Director of Media and Publicity, Elder Sam Oluwalana, said: “We have it on good authority that a former governor of the state wants to hide under the Udiroko festival to attempt to launch himself back into the politics of the state, having failed woefully to achieve this through the ballot.

Read Also: Police confirm three dead as festival turns violent In Ogun community

“The former governor and his cohorts, having been traumatised by the gale of unprecedented achievements of the present administration of Dr. Kayode Fayemi, are now attempting to make a return to the politics of the state through the backdoor.

Elder Oluwalana, who doubles as SSA Media (Party Matters) to Fayemi, advised the people not to allow themselves to be used by political marabouts in their quest to portray themselves as friends of the masses.

But Fayose’s media aide, Mr. Lere Olayinka, said: “We are not in the habit of dignifying lowlife and people living with guilt of forcing themselves on Ekiti.

“It is obvious that almost a year after manipulating themselves to power,  they are still afraid of the shadow of Ayo Fayose, a man whose footprints will remain on the sands of Ekiti forever.

“Rather than jumping up and down spinning lies against Fayose, who is moving on with his life after serving Ekiti diligently, Governor Fayemi and his APC election riggers should concentrate on making meaningful impacts in the state.”

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NIN: Only 79 Nigerians enrolled in US – Official



            <div id="attachment_365719" class="wp-caption alignnone"><img aria-describedby="caption-attachment-365719" data-attachment-id="365719" data-permalink="" data-orig-file="" data-orig-size="700,525" data-comments-opened="1" data-image-meta="{"aperture":"3.1","credit":"","camera":"COOLPIX L340","caption":"","created_timestamp":"1517063781","copyright":"","focal_length":"4","iso":"400","shutter_speed":"0.04","title":"","orientation":"1"}" data-image-title="Nigerians in US" data-image-description="" data-medium-file="" data-large-file="" class="size-full wp-image-365719" src="" alt="" width="700" height="525" srcset=" 700w, 448w" sizes="(max-width: 700px) 100vw, 700px" data-recalc-dims="1"/><p id="caption-attachment-365719" class="wp-caption-text">Nigerians in U.S.</p></div>

The National Identity Management Commission (NIMC) says only 79 Nigerians had been enrolled for the National Identity Number (NIN) in the United States as at Friday.

The update came through the Deputy General Manager of NIMC, Ms Uche Chigbo, almost three months after the exercise was launched in the U.S. in late May.

Chigbo told the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) in New York that the enrolment was being done in five centres located in New York, Washington/Maryland, Atlanta and Houston.

She gave breakdown of the figure as New York (17), Maryland (15), Atlanta (14) and Houston (33).

Chigbo, who attributed the slow progress to “teething’’ challenges, said the issues were being addressed as they emerged.

“Like any new project, there have been some teething problems and implementation issues with the enrolments.

“These include licensees’ familiarity with the enrolment software, good understanding of the enrolment process and connectivity issues.

“There is a dedicated team on the NIMC side handling and resolving issues as they arise.

“Training of enrolment staff of licensed firms has been done and still ongoing for new batch,’’ she said.

NIMC is executing the project through licensed private companies, which are charging enrollees between 40 and 50 dollars each.

Nigerians from zero to 15 years old pay 40 dollars or N12,240 at the official exchange rate, while those at 16 years and above are being charged 50 dollars (N15,300) each.

Chigbo had explained that NIMC decided to engage the private companies because it lacked the legal backing and resources to carry out identity registration outside Nigeria.

“It is in this light that we decided to license private sector organisations, which have the legal backing to engage in such service provision in the U.S.

“They made investment in terms of equipment because we didn’t give them the equipment they are using; they have to buy all of that.

“They are also renting offices, employing people and establishing connection between whichever country they are operating in and Nigeria so that they can seamlessly send the records real time online.

“All of these are investments they are making and as a going concern, a token should be paid for this service that they are going to be rendering,’’ she said back in May.

However, the leadership of the Nigerians in Diaspora Organisation Americas (NIDOA) had rejected the fees, which it described as unacceptable.

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EPL: What Solskjaer said about Rashford, Pogba after 1-1 draw with Wolves – Daily Post Nigeria



Manchester United manager, Ole Gunnar Solskjaer, has refused to blame Paul Pogba and Marcus Rashford, after their 1-1 draw with Wolves on Monday night.

Anthony Martial’s first-half goal was cancelled out by Ruben Neves after the break.

United had the chance to take all three points, after the referee awarded a penalty.

Pogba stepped up after discussing with Rashford and saw his kick saved by Rui Patricio.

“The two of them are designated penalty shooters. It’s up to them.

“Sometimes players feel that they’re confident enough to score. Paul has scored so many for us,” Solskjaer told Sky Sports after the match.

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EPL: Carragher singles out one Man United for praise after 1-1 with Wolves – Daily Post Nigeria



Former Liverpool star, Jamie Carragher, has singled out Manchester United forward Marcus Rashford as “the best player on the pitch” in Red Devils’ Monday Premier League clash against Wolves.

The England international helped set up the opening goal of the game, for Anthony Martial who finish smartly.

Carragher said the 21-year-old was seen in positions behind Martial.

He added, “We’ve just been talking about Martial, I think Rashford’s been the best player on the pitch.

“He has a little sort of a conversation here with Jesse Lingard and they swap positions.

“A lot of the time he’s found himself between the lines, not making that run but there, just in behind Martial, picking up balls between the lines.

“We always think of him as a runner but I’ve just mentioned [Jesse] Lingard and now that’s it, two players between the lines and that’s what’s caused Wolves a big problem.

“There’s been big problems between the midfield and that back three.

“It’s him who makes the assist, that combination again.

“It’s fantastic [Martial’s finish].”

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