Voluntary departures are almost becoming the rule from a few hundred a year before 2014 to more than 15,000 this year
The pension reform has been one of the flagship of the current Government achievements. Today, the legal age for retirement in the public service is at 63. But in fact, officials can still leave public administration more early by opting for early retirement, which is becoming a rule. The figures are instructive. In the space of a few years, retirement applications have exploded.
The effect of the reform, which comes into force is one of the main causes well obviously. Because early retirement was an option very little possible for officials except in case of force major. Thus, during the first nine years which preceded the reform, early retirement between 2006 and 2014 were barely 1,250, either an annual average of 138 pension. But as early as 2015, the number jumped to 7,500 cases. The year underway and according to a still provisional toll, the number of departures, early retirement has already exceeded the 15,000 records mainly in the sector of education. In a decade, therefore, the retirements have been increased by 15 times. In response to this grouped leak of the officials, the Minister in charge of the budget, Driss Azami Al Idrissi, said simply that the Government could not prohibit officials to resort to a legal provision under the Act.
Certainly, the Government introduced changes to the voluntary retirements in the public service, but it seems already today that the changes will be very little deterrent effect. The new law, which comes into force in August requires agents of male sex in public administration to justify a period of actual service of 24 instead of 21 years before. For agents of the male sex in the public service, the required duration of effective service in the administration is 18 years instead of 15 years in the past. Even with these changes, government officials will still have all the latitude to leave the public service at age 60 or even earlier if they have already passed the minimum length of service without other constraints.
However, the new reform was made inevitable according to officials, because of the many more retirees of the public administration in comparison with active officials, which has the result of putting the financial balance of the pension to the test. On this point, reform, adopted in the forceps, brings no answers. It seems that a revision of the said reform has become a necessity unless you prefer to wait for the comprehensive reform that will not take place for several years. Reminder, the Government has managed to bring in pension reform at the last minute before the end of the current legislature after a tug of war that lasted months with unions.
The attempt Belmokhtar
ministere_de_la_fonction_publiqueDe all sectors of the public service, the teaching is most affected by the demands of retirement. National education is indeed one of the largest employers.
With an increasing number of applications, the Minister of national education and vocational training, Rachid Belmokhtar, had developed a new circular in April 2015. The latter had set new eligibility criteria.
Thus, only officials totalling at least 30 years of effective work could benefit from early retirement. As a reminder, regulation before gave it the right to request an early departure to employees who have reached 15 years of service for women and 21 years for men and forced the State to respond positively to this demand for more than 30 years of service people.
In addition, the circular stated that thirty years of service must be justified until August 31 of each year, not counting periods of momentary stoppage of work and periods of disciplinary suspension.